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(The Book of Faith)
CHAPTER: PROHIBITION OF THE KILLING OF AN INFIDEL AFTER HE SAYS:" THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAAH"  

No. 173

It is narrated on the authority of Miqdad b. Aswad that he said. Messenger of Allaah, you just see (here is a point): If I encountered a person amongst the infidels (in the battlefield) and he attacked me and struck me and cut off one of my hands with the sword. Then he (in order to protect himself from me) took shelter of a tree and said: I become Muslim for Allaah's sake. Messenger of Allaah, can I kill him after he had uttered this? The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Do not kill him. I (the narrator) said: Messenger of Allaah, he cut off my hand and uttered this after amputating it; should I then kill him? The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Don't kill him, for I you kill him, verily he would be in a position where you had been before killing him and verily you would be in a position where he had been before uttering (kalima).

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No. 174

The same hadith has been transmitted by the same chain of narrators. The hadith transmitted by Auza'i and Ibn Juraij contains these words: I embraced Islam for Allaah's sake. and in the hadith narrated by Ma'mar the words are: I knelt down to kill him, that he said; there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah.

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No. 175

It is narrated by Miqdad, and he was an ally of B. Zuhra and was of those who participated in the Battle of Badr along with the Messenger of Allaah, that he said: Messenger of Allaah, here is a point: If I happened to encounter a person amongst the infidels (in the battle). Then he narrated a hadith similar to the one transmitted by Laith.

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No. 176

It is narrated on the authority of Usama b. Zaid that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent us in a raiding party. We raided Huraqat of Juhaina in the morning. I caught hold of a man and he said: there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah, I attacked him with a spear. It once occurred to me and I talked about it to the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Did he profess" there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah," and even then you killed him? I said: Messenger of Allaah, he made a profession of it out of the fear of the weapon. He (the Prophet) observed: Did you tear his heart in order to find out whether it had professed or not? And he went on repeating it to me till I wished I had embraced Islam that day. Sa'd said: By Allaah, I would never kill any Muslim so long as a person with a heavy belly, i. e., Usama, would not kill. Upon this a person remarked: Did Allaah not say this: And fight them until there is no more mischief and religion is wholly for Allaah? Sa'd said: We fought so that there should be no mischief, but you and your companions wish to fight so that there should be mischief.

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No. 177

It is narrated on the authority of Usama b. Zaid: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent us to Huraqat, a tribe of Juhaina. We attacked that tribe early in the morning and defeated them and I and a man from the Ansar caught hold of a person (of the defeated tribe). When we overcame him, he said: there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah. At that moment the Ansari spared him, but I attacked him with my spear and killed him. The news had already reached the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), so when we came back he (the Prophet) said to me: Usama, did you kill him after he had made the profession: there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah? I said. Messenger of Allaah, he did it only as a shelter. The Prophet observed: Did you kill him after he had made the profession that there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah? He (the Prophet) went on repeating this to me till I wished I had not embraced Islam before that day.

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No. 178

It is narrated by Safwan b. Muhriz that Jundab b. 'Abdullah al-Bajali during the stormy days of Ibn Zubair sent a message to 'As'as b. Salama: Gather some men of your family so that I should talk to them. He ('As'as) sent a messenger to them (to the members of his family). When they had assembled, Jundab came there with a yellow hooded cloak on him, He said: Talk what you were busy in talking. The talk went on by turns, till there came his (Jundab's) turn. He took off the hooded cloak from his head and said: I have come to you with no other intention but to narrate to you a hadith of your Prophet: Verily the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent a squad of the Muslims to a tribe of the polytheists. Both the armies confronted one another. There was a man among the army of polytheists who (was so dashing that), whenever he intended to kill a man from among the Muslims, he killed him. Amongst the Muslims too was a man looking forward to (an opportunity of) his (the polytheist's) unmindfulness. He (the narrator) said: We talked that he was Usama b, Zaid. When he raised his sword, he (the soldier of the polytheists) uttered:" there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah," but he (Usama b. Zaid) killed him. When the messenger of the glad tidings came to the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) he asked him (about the events of the battle) and he informed him about the man (Usama) and what he had done He (the Prophet of Allaah) called for him and asked him why he had killed him. He (Usama) said: Messenger of Allaah, he struck the Muslims and killed such and such of them. And he even named some of them. (He continued): I attacked him and when he saw the sword he said: there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Did you kill him? He (Usama) replied in the affirmative. He (the Prophet) remarked: What would you do with:" there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah," when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment? He (Usama) said: Messenger of Allaah, beg pardon for me (from your Lord). He (the Prophet) said: What would you do with:" there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah" when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment? He (the Prophet) added nothing to it but kept saying: What would you do with:" there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah," when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment?

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