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(The Book of Faith)
CHAPTER: CONCERNING THE SAYING OF THE APOSTLE: ISLAM IS FOUNDED ON FIVE (FUNDAMENTS)  

No. 18

It is narrated on the authority of ('Abdullah) son of Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them) that the Prophet (may peace of Allaah be upon him) said: (The superstructure of) al-Islam is raised on five (pillars), i. e. the oneness of Allaah, the establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, the, fast of Ramadan, Pilgrimage (to Mecca).

A person said (to 'Abdullah b. Umar the narrator): Which of the two precedes the other-Pilgrimage or the fasts of Rarnadan? Upon this he (the narrator) replied: No (it is not the Pilgrimage first) but the fasts of Ramadan precede the Pilgrimage.

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No. 19

It is narrated on the authority of ('Abdullah) son of 'Umar, that the Prophet (may peace of Allaah be upon him) said: (The superstructure of) al-Islam is raised on five (pillars), i. e. Allaah (alone) should be worshipped, and (all other gods) beside Him should be (categorically) denied. Establishment of prayer, the payment of Zakat, Pilgrimage to the House, and the fast of Ramadan (are the other obligatory acts besides the belief in the oneness of Allaah and denial of all other gods).

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No. 20

It is narrated on the authority of 'Abdullah son of 'Umar that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: (The superstructure of) al-Islam is raised on five (pillars), testifying (the fact) that there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah, that Muhammad is His bondsman and messenger, and the establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, Pilgrimage to the House (Ka'ba) and the fast of Ramadan.

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No. 21

It is reported on the authority of Ta'us that a man said to 'Abdullah son of 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him). Why don't you carry out a military expedition? Upon which he replied: I heard the messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: Verily, al-Islam is founded on five (pillars): testifying the fact that there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah, establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat, fast of Ramadan and Pilgrimage to the House.

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