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(The Book of Faith)
CHAPTER: WARNING FOR ONE APPROPRIATING THE RIGHT OF A MUSLIM BY TAKING A FALSE OATH: THE FIRE (OF HELL) IS HIS CHASTISEMENT  

No. 252

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Umama that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed: He who appropriated the right of a Muslim by (swearing a false) oath, Allaah would make Hell-fire necessary for him and would declare Paradise forbidden for him. A person said to him: Messenger of Allaah, even if it is something insignificant? He (the Prophet) replied: (Yes) even if it is the twig of the arak tree.

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No. 253

This hadith has been transmitted by another chain of narrators: Abu Bakr b. Abi Shaiba, Ishaq b. Ibrahim, Harun b. Abdullah, Abi Usama, Walid b. Kathir, Muhammad b. Ka'b, his brother Abdullah b. Ka'b and Abi Usama.

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No. 254

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah (b. Umar) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed: He who perjured with a view to appropriating the property of a Muslim, and he is in fact a liar and would meet Allaah in a state that He would be angry with him. He (the narrator) said: There came Ash'ath b. Qais and said (to the people): What does Abu Abdur-Rahman (the Kunya of Abdullah b. Umar) narrate to you? They replied: So and so. Upon this he remarked: Abu Abdur-Rahman told the truth. This (command) has been revealed in my case. There was a piece of land in Yemen over which I and another person had a claim. I brought the dispute with him to the Prophet of Allaah (to decide) He (the Prophet) said: Can you produce an evidence (in your support)? I said: No. He (the Prophet) observed: (Then the decision would be made) on his oath. I said: He would readily take an oath. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) remarked: He who perjured for appropriating the wealth of a Muslim, whereas he is a liar, would meet Allaah while He would be angry with him. This verse was then revealed:" Verily those who barter Allaah's covenant and their oaths at a small price..." (iii 77).

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No. 255

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah that he heard the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying: He who took an oath in order to entitle himself (to the possession) of a property, whereas he is a liar, would meet Allaah in a state that He would be very much angry with him. Then the remaining part of the hadith was narrated as transmitted by A'mash but with the exception of these words: There was a dispute between me and another person in regard to a well. We referred this dispute to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). Upon this he remarked: Either (you should produce) two witnesses (to support your contention) or his oath (would be accepted as valid).

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No. 256

Ibn Mas'ud says: I heard the Messenger of Allaah observing: He who took an oath on the property of a Muslim without legitimate right would meet Allaah and He would be angry, with him. Then the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) in support of his contention recited the verse:" Verily those who barter Allaah's covenant and their oaths at a small price.

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No. 257

It is narrated on the authority of Wa'il that there came a person from Hadramaut and another one from Kinda to the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). One who had come from Hadramaut said: Messenger of Allaah, only this man has appropriated my land which belonged to my father. The one who had came from Kinda contended. This is my land and is in my possession: I cultivate it. There is no right for him in it. The Messenger of Allaah said to the Hadramite: Have you any evidence (to support you)? He replied in the negative. He (the Prophet of Allaah) said: Then your case is to be decided on his oath. He (the Hadramite) said: Messenger of Allaah, he is a liar and cares not what he swears and has no regard for anything. Upon this he (the Messenger of Allaah) remarked: For you then there is no other help to it. He (the man from Kinda) set out to take an oath. When he turned his back the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed: If he took an oath on his property with a view to usurping it, he would certainly meet his Lord in a state that He would turn away from him.

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No. 258

Wa'il reported it on the authority of his father Hujr: I was with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that two men came there disputing over a piece of land. One of them said: Messenger of Allaah, this man appropriated my land without justification in the days of ignorance. The (claimant) was Imru'l-Qais b. 'Abis al-Kindi and his opponent was Rabi'a b. 'Iban He (the Prophet) said (to the claimant): Have you evidence (to substantiate your claim)? He replied: I have no evidence. Upon this he (the Messenger of Allaah) remarked: Then his (that is of the defendant) is the oath. He (the claimant) said: In this case he (the defendant) would appropriate this (the property). He (the Prophet) said: There is than no other way left for you but this. He (the narrator) said: When he (the defendant) stood up to take oath, the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: He who appropriated the land wrongfully would meet Allaah in a state that He would be angry with him. Ishaq in his narration mentions Rabi'a b. 'Aidan (instead of Rabi'a b. 'Ibdan).

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