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(The Book of Faith)
CHAPTER: TO HABITUATE THE HEART WITH FAITH WHICH DUE TO ITS WEAKNESS, IS SCARED AND THE FORBIDDANCE TO CALL POSITIVELY ONE A BELIEVER WITHOUT A DEFINITE PROOF  

No. 276

Sa'd narrated it on the authority of his father (Abi Waqqas) that he observed: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) distributed shares (of booty among his Companions). I said: Messenger of Allaah! Give it to so and so, for verily he is a believer. Upon this the Prophet of Allaah remarked: Or a Muslim. I (the narrator) repeated it (the word" believer" ) thrice and he (the Prophet) turned his back upon me (and substituted the word)" Muslim," and then observed: I bestow it (this share) to a man out of apprehension lest Allaah should throw him prostrate into the fire (of Hell) whereas in fact the other man is dearer to me than he.

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No. 277

It is narrated on the authority of Sa'd that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) bestowed upon a group of persons (things), and Sa'd was sitting amongst them. Sa'd said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) ignored some of them. And he who was ignored seemed to be more deserving in my eyes (as compared with others). I (Sa'd) said: Messenger of Allaah I why is it that you did not give to such and such (man)? Verily I see him a believer. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed: Or a Muslim? I kept quiet for some time but I was again impelled (to express) what I knew about him. I said: Messenger of Allaah why is it that you did not give it to such and such? Verily, by Allaah, see him a believer. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) remarked: (Nay, not a believer) but a Muslim. He (Sa'd) said: I again kept quite for some time but what I knew about him again impelled me (to express my opinion) and I said: Why is it that you did not give (the share) to so and so: By Allaah, verily I see him a believer. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) remarked; (Nay, not so) but a Muslim. Verily (at times) I give (a share) to a certain man apprehending that he may not be thrown prostrate in the Fire, whereas the other man (who is not given) is dearer to me (as compared with him).

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No. 278

Sa'd reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) bestowed upon a group of persons (booty) and I was sitting with them. The remaining part of the hadith is the same as mentioned (above) with the additionI stood up and went to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and whispered to him: Why did you omit such and such a man?

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No. 279

The same hadith has been narrated on the authority of Muhammad b Sa'd and these words (are also there): The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gave a stroke on my neck or between my two shoulders and said: Sa'd, do you fight with me simply because I gave (a share) to a man?

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