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‏البيوع (The Book of Business Transactions)
CHAPTER: MERIT OF GIVING RESPITE TO ONE WHO IS IN STRAITENED CIRCUMSTANCES  

No. 3788

Hudhaifa reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying The angels took away the soul of a person who had lived among people who were before you. They (the angels) said: Did you do anything good? He said: No. they said: Try to recall. He said: I used to lend to people and order my servants to give respite to one in straitened circumstances and give allowance to the solvent, for Allaah, the Exalted and Majestic, said (to the angels): You should ignore (his failing).

No. 3789

Hudhaifa reported: A person met his Lord (after death) and He said: What (good) did you do? He said: I did no good except this that I was a rich man, and I demanded from the people (the repayment of debt that I advanced to them). I, however, accepted that which the solvent gave and remitted (the debt) of the insolvent, whereupon He (the Lord) said: You should ignore (the faults) of My servant. Abu Mas'ud (Allaah be pleased with him) said: This is what I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying.

No. 3790

Hudhaifa (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: A person died and he entered Paradise. It was said to him What (act) did you do? (Either he recalled it himself or he was made to recall), he said I used to enter into transactions with people and I gave respite to the insolvent and did not show any strictness in case of accepting a coin or demanding cash payment. (For these acts of his) he was granted pardon. Abu Mas'ud said: I heard this from Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 3791

Hudhaifa (Allaah be pleased with him) reported: A servant from amongst the servants of Allaah was brought to Him whom Allaah had endowed with riches. He (Allaah) said to him: What (did you do) in the world? (They cannot conceal anything from Allaah) He (the person) said: O my Lord, You endowed me with Your riches. I used to enter into transactions with people. It was my nature to be lenient to (my debtors). I showed leniency to the solvent and gave respite to the insolvent, whereupon Allaah said: I have more right than you to do this to connive at My servant. 'Uqba b. 'Amir al-Juhani and Abu Mas'ud said: This is what we heard from Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 3792

Abu Mas'ud (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: A person from people who lived before you was called to account (by Allaah at the Day of Judgment) and no good was found in his account except this that lie being a rich man had (financial) dealings with people and had commanded his servants to show leniency to the straitened ones. Upon this Allaah, the Exalted and Majestic, said: We have more right to this, so overlook (his faults).

No. 3793

Abu Huraira (Allaah be pleased with him) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: There was a person who gave loans to the people and said to his men: When an insolvent comes to you show him leniency that Allaah may overlook our (faults). So when he met Allaah, He overlooked his faults (forgave him).

No. 3794

A hadith like this is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (Allaah be pleased with him).

No. 3795

Abdullah b. Abu Qatida reported that Abu Qatada (Allaah be pleased with him) demanded (the payment of his debt) from his debtor but he disappeared; later on he found him and he said: I am hard up financially, whereupon he said: (Do you state it) by God? He said: By God. Upon this he (Qatada) said: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who loves that Allaah saves him from the torments of the Day of Resurrection should give respite to the insolvent or remit (his debt) This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ayyob with the same chain of transmitters.




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