CHAPTER: HOW SHOULD THE MASTERS TREAT THEIR SLAVES AND EXPIATION IF THEY SHOW HIGH-HANDEDNESS
Zadhan Abl Umar reported: I came to Ibn 'Umar as he had granted freedom to a stave. He (the narrator further) said: He took hold of a wood or something like it from the earth and said: It (freedom of a slave) has not the reward evert equal to it, but the fact that I heard Allaah's Messenger (way sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: He who slaps his slave or beats him, the expiation for it is that he should set him free.
Zadhan reported that Ibn Umar called his slave and he found the marks (of beating) upon his back. He said to him: I have caused you pain. He said: No. But he (Ibn Umar) said: You are free. He then took hold of something from the earth and said: There is no reward for me even to the weight equal to it. I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who beats a slave without cognizable offence of his or slaps him (without any serious fault), then expiation for it is that he should set him free.
This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters with a slight variation of words.
Mu'awiya b. Suwaid reported: I slapped a slave belonging to us and then fled away. I came back just before noon and offered prayer behind my father. He called him (the slave) and me and said: Do as he has done to you. He granted pardon. He (my father) then said: We belonged to the family of Muqarrin during the lifetime of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. and had only one slave-girl and one of us slapped her. This news reached Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he said: Set her free. They (the members of the family) said: There is no other servant except she. Thereupon he said: Then employ her and when you can afford to dispense with her services, then set her free.
Hilal b. Yasaf reported that a person got angry and slapped his slave-girl. Thereupon Suwaid b. Muqarrin said to him: You could find no other part (to slap) but the prominent part of her face. See I was one of the seven sons of Muqarrin, and we had but only one slave-girl. The youngest of us slapped her, and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) commanded us to set her free. 2097
Hilal b. Yasaf reported: We used to sell cloth in the house of Suwaid b. Muqarrin, the brother of Nu'man b. Muqarrin. There came out a slave-girl, and she said something to a person amongst us, and he slapped her. Suwaid was enraged-the rest of the hadlth is the same.
Suwaid b. Muqarrin reported that he had a slave-girl and a person (one of the members of the family) slapped her, whereupon Suwaid said to him: Don't you know that it is forbidden (to strike the) face. He said: You see I was the seventh one amongst my brothers during the lifetime of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and we had but only one servant. One of us got enraged and slapped him. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) commanded us to set him free.
Wahb b. Jarir reported: Shu'ba informed that Muhammad b. Munkadir said to me: What is your name? The rest of the hadith is the same.
Abu Mas'ud al-Badri reported: I was beating my slave with a whip when I heard a voice behind me: Understand, Abu Masud; but I did not recognise the voice due to intense anger. He (Abu Mas'ud) reported: As he came near me (I found) that he was the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he was saying: Bear in mind, Abu Mas'ud; bear in mind. Abu Mas'ud. He (Aba Maslad) said: threw the whip from my hand. Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: Bear in mind, Abu Mas'ud; verily Allaah has more dominance upon you than you have upon your slave. I (then) said: I would never beat my servant in future.
This hadith has been narrated on the authorityo A'mash but with this variation of words:" There fell from my hand the whip on account of his (the Prophet's) awe."
Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari reported: When I was beating my servant, I heard a voice behind me (saying): Abu Mas'ud, bear in mind Allaah has more dominance over you than you have upon him. I turned and (found him) to be Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). I said: Allaah's Messenger, I set him free for the sake of Allaah. Thereupon he said: Had you not done that, (the gates of) Hell would have opened for you, or the fire would have burnt you.
Abu Mas'ud reported that he had been beating his slave and he had been saying: I seek refuge with Allaah, but he continued beating him, whereupon he said: I seek refuge with Allaah's Messenger, and he spared him. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: By Allaah, God has more dominance over you than you have over him (the slave). He said that he set him free. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters, but made no mention of (these words) of his: I seek refuge with Allaah, I seek refuge with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).