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‏الأيمان (The Book of Oaths )
CHAPTER: HE WHO EMANCIPATES HIS SHARE IN THE SLAVE  

No. 4102

Ibn 'Umar reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who gives up his share in a slave, and has enough money to pay the full price of the slave, then full emancipation devolves upon him; but if he has not the money, then he emancipated what he emancipated.

No. 4103

Ibn 'Umar reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who emancipates his share in the slave, it is his responsibility to secure full freedom for him provided he (the slave) has enough money to pay the (remaining) price, but it he has not so much money he would be emancipated to the extent that the first man emancipated.

No. 4104

'Abdullah b. 'Umar reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who gives up his share in a slave, and he has money enough to meet the full price, a fair price for him should be fixed; otherwise be has emancipated him to the extent that he has emancipated.

No. 4105

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters with a slight variation of words.

No. 4106

Salim b. 'Abdullah reported on the authority of his father that Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: He who emancipates a slave (shared) by him and another one, his full price may be justly assessed from his wealth, neither less nor more, and he (the slave) would be emancipated if he (the partner) would be solvent enough (to forgo the amount of his share).

No. 4107

Ibn 'Umar reported Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who gives up his share in a slave, the remaining (share) will be paid out of his riches if his riches are enough to meet the price of the slave.

No. 4108

Abu Huraira reported Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: In case the slave is owned by two persons, and one of them emancipates him, he will guarantee (his full freedom).

No. 4109

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters (and the words are):" He who emancipates a portion in a slave, he should (secure full) freedom for him from his property."

No. 4110

Abu Huraira reported Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: He who emancipates his portion in a slave, full emancipation may be secured for him out of his property (if he has money) if he has enough property to meet (the required expenses), but if he has not enough property, the slave should be put to extra labour (in order to earn money for buying his freedom), but he should not be overburdened.

No. 4111

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters (and the words are):" He will be required to work (in order to secure freedom) for that por- tion in which he has not been emancipated, without overburdening him."

No. 4112

'Imran b. Husain reported that a person who had no other property emancipated six slaves of his at the time of his death. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) called for them and divided them into three sections, cast lots amongst them, and set two free and kept four in slavery; and he (the Prophet) spoke severely of him.

No. 4113

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters (and the words are):" A person from among the Ansar willed away the freedom of six slaves of his at the time of his death."

No. 4114

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Imran b. Husain through another chain of narrators.




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