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‏الجهاد والسير‏ (The Book of Jihad and Expedition )
CHAPTER: APPOINTMENT OF THE LEADERS OF EXPEDITIONS BY THE IMAM AND HIS ADVICE TO THEM ON ETIQUETTES OF WAR AND RELATED MATTERS  

No. 4294

It has been reported from Sulaiman b. Buraid through his father that when the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) appointed anyone as leader of an army or detachment he would especially exhort him to fear Allaah and to be good to the Muslims who were with him. He would say: Fight in the name of Allaah and in the way of Allaah. Fight against those who disbelieve in Allaah. Make a holy war, do not embezzle the spoils; do not break your pledge; and do not mutilate (the dead) bodies; do not kill the children. When you meet your enemies who are polytheists, invite them to three courses of action. If they respond to any one of these, you also accept it and withold yourself from doing them any harm. Invite them to (accept) Islam; if they respond to you, accept it from them and desist from fighting against them. Then invite them to migrate from their lands to the land of Muhairs and inform them that, if they do so, they shall have all the privileges and obligations of the Muhajirs. If they refuse to migrate, tell them that they will have the status of Bedouin Muilims and will be subjected to the Commands of Allaah like other Muslims, but they will not get any share from the spoils of war or Fai' except when they actually fight with the Muslims (against the disbelievers). If they refuse to accept Islam, demand from them the Jizya. If they agree to pay, accept it from them and hold off your hands. If they refuse to pay the tax, seek Allaah's help and fight them. When you lay siege to a fort and the besieged appeal to you for protection in the name of Allaah and His Prophet, do not accord to them the guarantee of Allaah and His Prophet, but accord to them your own guarantee and the guarantee of your companions for it is a lesser sin that the security given by you or your companions be disregarded than that the security granted in the name of Allaah and His Prophet be violated When you besiege a fort and the besieged want you to let them out in accordance with Allaah's Command, do not let them come out in accordance with His Command, but do so at your (own) command, for you do not know whether or not you will be able to carry out Allaah's behest with regard to them.

No. 4295

Sulaiman b. Buraida repotted on the authority of his father that when Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent an Amir with a detachment he called him and advised him. The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 4296

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Shu'ba.




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