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‏الجهاد والسير‏ (The Book of Jihad and Expedition )
CHAPTER: JUSTIFICATION FOR KILLING THOSE GUILTY OF BREACH OF TRUST AND MAKING THE PEOPLE OF THE FORT SURRENDER ON THE ARBITRATION OF A JUST PERSON  

No. 4368

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Sa'id al-Khudri who said: The people of Quraiza surrendered accepting the decision of Sa'd b. Mu'adh about them. Accordingly, the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent for Sa'd who came to him riding a donkey. When he approached the mosque, the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to the Ansar: Stand up to receive your chieftain. Then he said (to Sa'd): These people have surrendered accepting your decision. He (Sa'd) said: You will kill their fighters and capture their women and children. (Hearing this), the Propbot (may peace he tpon him) said: You have adjudged by the command of God. The narrator is reported to have said: Perhaps he said: You have adjuged by the decision of a king.

Ibn Muthanna (in his version of the tradition) has not mentioned the alternative words.

No. 4369

Through the same chain of transmitters Shu'ba has narrated the same tradition in which he says that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said (to Sa'd): You have adjudged according to the command of God. And once he said: you have adjudged by the decision of a king.

No. 4370

It has been narrated on the authority of A'isha who said: Sa'd was wounded on the day of the Battle of the Ditch. A man from the Quraish called Ibn al-Ariqah shot at him an arrow which pierced the artery in the middle of his forearm. The Messenger of Allaah (may peacce be upon him) pitched a tent for him in the mosque and would inquire after him being in close proximity. When he returned from the Ditch and laid down his arms and took a bath, the angel Gabriel appeared to him and he was removing dust from his hair (as if he had just returned from the battle). The latter said: You have laid down arms. By God, we haven't (yet) laid them down. So march against them. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) asked: Where? He poirftad to Banu Quraiza. So the Messenger of Allaah (may peace he upon him) fought against them. They surrendered at the command of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), but he referred the decision about them to Sa'd who said: I decide about them that those of them who can fight be killed, their women and children taken prisoners and their properties distributed (among the Muslims).

No. 4371

It has been narrated on the authority of Hisham (who learnt it from his father) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said (to Sa'd): You have adjudged their case with the judgment of God. the Exalted and Glorified.

No. 4372

It has been narrated on the authority of 'A'isha that Sa'd's wound became dry and was going to heal when he prayed: O God, surely Thou knowest that nothing is dearer to me than that I should fight for Thy cause against the people who disbeliever Your Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and turned him out (from his native place). If anything yet remains to be decided from the war against the Quraish, spare my life so that I may fight against them in Thy cause. O Lord, I think Thou hast ended the war between us and them. If Thou hast done so, open my wound (so that it may discharge) and cause my death thereby. So the wound begin to bleed from the front part of his neck. The people were not scared except when the blood flowed towards them, and in the mosque along with Sa'd's tent was the tent of Banu Ghifar. They said: O people of the tent, what is it that is coming to us from you? Lo! it was Sa'd's wound that was bleeding and he died thereof.

No. 4373

This tradition has been narrated by Hishim through the same chain of transmitters with a little difference in the wording. He said: (His wound) began to bleed that very night and it continued to bleed until he died. He has made the addition that it was then that (a non-believing) poet said:

Hark, O Sa'd, Sa'd of Banu Mu'adh,

What have the Quraiaa and Nadir done?

By thy life! Sa'd b. Mu'adh>br> Was steadfast on the morn they departed.

You have left your cooking-pot empty,

While the cooking-pot of the people is hot and boiling.

Abu Hubab the nobleman has said,

O Qainuqa', do not depart.

They were weighty in their country

just aa rocks are weighty in Maitan.




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