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‏الجهاد والسير‏ (The Book of Jihad and Expedition )
CHAPTER: THE BATTLE OF HUNAIN  

No. 4385

It has been narrated on the authority of 'Abbas who said: I was in the company of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on the Day of Hunain. I and Abd Sufyan b. Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib stuck to the Messenaer of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and we did not separate from him. And the Messenger of Allaah (may place be upon him) was riding on his white mule which had been presented to him by Farwa b. Nufitha al-Judhami. When the Muslims had an encounter with the disbelievers, the Muslims fled, falling back, but the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) began to spur his mule towards the disbelievers. I was holding the bridle of the mule of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) checking it from going very fast, and Abu Sufyan was holding the stirrup of the (mule of the) Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), who said: Abbas, call out to the people of al-Samura. Abbas (who was a man with a loud voice) called out at the top of the voice: Where are the people of Samura? (Abbas said: ) And by God, when they heard my voice, they came back (to us) as cows come back to their calves, and said: We are present, we are present! 'Abbas said: They began to fight the infidels. Then there was a call to The Ansar. Those (who called out to them) shouted: O ye party of the Ansar! O party of the Ansar! Banu al-Harith b. al-Khazraj were the last to be called. Those (who called out to them) shouted: O Banu Al-Harith b. al-Khazraj! O BanU Harith b. al-Khazraj! And the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) who was riding on his mule looked at their fight with his neck stretched forward and he said: This is the time when the fight is raging hot. Then the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) took (some) pebbles and threw them in the face of the infidels. Then he said: By the Lord of Muhammad, the infidels are defeated. 'Abbas said: I went round and saw that the battle was in the same condition in which I had seen it. By Allaah, it remained in the same condition until he threw the pebbles. I continued to watch until I found that their force had been spent out and they began to retreat.

No. 4386

A version of the tradition has been transmitted through another chain of narrators. In this version the words uttered by the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) (after he had thrown the pebbles in the face of the enemy) are reported as:" By the Lord of the Ka'ba, they have been defeated." And there is at the end the addition of the words:" Until Allaah defeated them" (and I imagine) as if I saw the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) chasing them on his mule.

No. 4387

'Abbas reported: I was with Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on the Day of Hunain. The rest of the hadith is the same but with this variation that the hadith transmitted by Yonus and Ma'mar is more detailed and complete.

No. 4388

It has been narratedon the authority of Abu Ishaq who said: A man asked Bara' (b. 'Azib): Did you run away on the Day of Hunain. O, Abu Umira? He said: No, by Allaah, The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not turn his back; (what actually happened was that) some young men from among his companions, who were hasty and who were either without any arms or did not have abundant arms, advanced and met a party of archers (who were so good shots) that their arrows never missed the mark. This party (of archers) belonged to Banu Hawazin and Banu Nadir. They shot at the advancing young men and their arrows were not likely to miss their targets. So these young men turned to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) while he was riding on his white mule and Abu Sufyan b. al-Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib was leading him. (At this) he got down from his mule, invoked God's help, and called out: I am the Prophet. This is no untruth. I am the son of 'Abd al-Muttalib. Then he deplnved his men into battle array.

No. 4389

It has been narrated (through a different chain of transmitters) by Abu Ishiq that a person said to Bara' (b. 'Azib): Abu Umara, did you flee on the Day of Hunain? He replied: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not retreat. (What actually happened was that some hasty young men who were either inadequately armed or were unarmed met a group of men from Banu Hawazin and Banu Nadir who happened to be (excellent) archers. The latter shot at them a volley of arrows that did not miss. The people turned to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). Abu Sufyan b. Harith was leading his mule. So he got down, prayed and invoked God's help. He said: I am the Prophet. This is no untruth. I am the son of Abd al-Muttalib. O God, descend Thy help. Bara' continued: When the battle grew fierce. we, by God. would seek protection by his side, and the bravest among us was he who confronted the onslaught and it was the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 4390

It has been narrated through a still different chain of transmitters by the same narrator (i. e. Abu Ishaq) who said: I heard from Bara' who was asked by a man from the Qais tribe: Did you run away from the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on the Day of Hunain? Bara' said: But the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not run away. On that day Banu Hawzzin took part in the battle as archers (on the side of the disbelievers). When we attacked them, they retreated and we fell upon the booty; (they rallied) and advanced towards us with arrows. (At that time) I saw the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) riding on his white mule and Abu Sufyan b. al-Harith was holding its bridle. He (the Messenger of Allaah was saying: I am the Prophet. This is no untruth. I am a descendant of 'Abd al-Muttalib.

No. 4391

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Bara' with another chain of transmitters, but this hadith is short as compared with other ahadith which are more detailed.

No. 4392

This tradition has been narrated on the authority of Salama who said: We fought by the side of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) at Hunain. When we encountered the enemy, I advanced and ascended a hillock. A man from the enemy side turned towards me and I shot him with an arrow. He (ducked and) hid himself from me. I could not understand what he did, but (all of a sudden) I saw that a group of people appeared from the other hillock. They and the Companions of the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) met in combat, but the Companions of the Prophet turned back and I too turned back defeated. I had two mantles, one of which I was wrapping round the waist (covering the lower part of my body) and the other I was putting around my shoulders. My waist-wrapper got loose and I held the two mantles together. (In this downcast condition) I passed by the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) who was riding on his white mule. He said: The son of Akwa' finds himself to be utterly perplexed. Wher. the Companions gathered round him from all sides. the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) got down from his mule. picked up a handful of dust from the ground, threw it into their (enemy) faces and said: May these faces be deformed 1 There was no one among the enemy whose eyes were not filled with the dust from this handful. So they turned back fleeing. and Allaah the Exalted and Glorious defeated them, and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) distributed their booty among the Muslims.




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