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‏الجهاد والسير‏ (The Book of Jihad and Expedition )
CHAPTER: THE TREATY OF HUDAIBIYA  

No. 4401

It has been narrated on the authority of al-Bara' b. 'Azib who said: 'Ali b. Abu Talib penned the treaty between the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and the polytheists on the Day of Hudaibiya. He wrote: This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah, has settled. They (the polytheists) said: Do not write words" the Messenger of Allaah". If we knew that you were the Messenger of Allaah, we would not fight against you. The Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to 'Ali: Strike out these words. He (Ali) said: I am not going to strike them out. So the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) struck them out with his own hand. The narrator said that the conditions upon which the two sides had agreed included that the Muslims would enter Mecca (next year) and would stay there for three days, and that they would not enter bearing arms except in their sheaths or bolsters.

No. 4402

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Ishaq, who heard Bars' b. Azib say: When the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) made peace with the people of Hudaibiya, 'Ali drew up the agreement between them, and so he wrote: Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah. (This is followed by the same wording as we have in the previous tradition except the omission of the words: This is what he has settled.)

No. 4403

It has been narrated on the authority of Bara' who said: When the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was checked from going to the Ka'ba, the people of Mecca made peace with him'on the condition that he would (be allowed to) enter Mecca (next year) and stay there for three days, that he would not enter (the city) except with swords in their sheaths and arms encased in their covers, that he would not take eway with him anyone from its dwellers, nor would he prevent anyone from those with him to stay on in Mecca (if he so desired). He said to 'Ali: Write down the terms settled between us. (So 'Ali wrote): In the name of Allaah, most Gracious and most Merciful. This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah, has settled (with the Meccans), The polytheists said to him: If we knew that thou art the Messenger of of Allaah, we would follow you. But write: Muhammad b. 'Abdullah. So he told 'Ali to strike out these words. 'Ali said: No, by Allaah, I will not strike them out. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Show me their place (on the parchment). So he ('Ali) showed him their place and he (the Prophet) struck them out; and 'Ali wrote: Ibn 'Abdullah. (According to the terms of the treaty, next year) the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) stayed there for three days When it was the third day, they said to 'Ali: This is the last day according to the terms of your companion. So tell him to leave. 'Ali informed the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) accordingly. He said: Yes, and left (the city). Ibn Janab in his version of the tradition used:" we would swear allegiance to you" instead of" we would follow you".

No. 4404

It has been narrated on the authority of Anas that the Quraish made peace with the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). Among them was Suhail b. Amr. The Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to 'Ali: Write" In the name of Allaah, most Gracious and most Merciful." Suhail said: As for" Bismillah," we do not know what is meant by" Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim" (In the name of Allaah most Gracious and most Merciful). But write what we understand, i. e. Bi ismika Allaahumma (in thy name. O Allaah). Then, the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Write:" From Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah." They said: If we knew that thou welt the Messenger of Allaah, we would follow you. Therefore, write your name and the name of your father. So the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Write" From Muhammad b. 'Abdullah." They laid the condition on the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that anyone who joined them from the Muslims, the Meccans would not return him, and anyone who joined you (the Muslims) from them, you would send him back to them. The Companions said: Messenger of Allaah, should we write this? He said: Yes. One who goes away from us to join them-may Allaah keep him away! and one who comes to join us from them (and is sent back) Allaah will provide him relief and a way of escape.

No. 4405

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Wa'il who said: Sahal b. Hunaif stood up on the Day of Siffin and said: O ye people, blame yourselves (for want of discretion) ; we were with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on the Day of Hudaibiya. If we had thought it fit to fight, we could fight. This was in the truce between the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and the polytheists. Umar b. Khattab came, approached the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and said: Messenger of Allaah, aren't we fighting for truth and they for falsehood? He replied: By all means. He asked: Are not those killed from our side in Paradise and those killed. from their side in the Fire? He replied: Yes. He said: Then why should we put a blot upon our religion and return, while Allaah has not decided the issue between them and ourselves? He said: Son of Khattab, I am the Messenger of Allaah. Allaah will never ruin me. (The narrator said): Umar went away, but he could not contain himself with rage. So he approached Abu Bakr and said: 'Abu Bakr, aren't we fighting for truth and they for falsehood? He replied: Yes. He asked: Aren't those killed from our side in Paradise and those killed from their side in the Fire? He replied: Why not? He (then) said: Why should we then disgrace our religion and return while God has not yet decided the issue between them and ourselves? Abu Bakr said: Son of Khattab, verily, he is the Messenger of Allaah, and Allaah will never ruin him. (The narrator continued): At this (a Sura of) the Qur'an (giving glad tidings of the victory) was revealed to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). He sent for Umar and made him read it. He asked: Is (this truce) a victory? He (the Messenger of Allaah) replied: Yes. At this Umar was pleased, and returned.

No. 4406

It has been narrated on the authority of Shaqiq who said: I heard Sahl b. Hunaif say at Siffin: O ye people, find fault with your (own) discretion. By Allaah, on the Day of Abu Jandal (i. e. the day of Hudaibiya), I thought to myself that, if I could, I would reverse the order of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) (the terms of the truce being unpalatable). By Allaah, we have never hung our swords on our shoulders in any situation whatsoever except when they made easy for us to realise the goal envisaged by us, but this battle of yours (seems to be an exception). Ibn Numair (in his version) did not mention the words:" In any situatina whatsoever"

No. 4407

The same tradition has been narrated through a different chain of transmitters on the authority of A'mash. This version contains the words: Ila amrin yofzi'una instead of Ila amrin na'rifuhu.

No. 4408

It has been narrated through a different chain of transmitters on the authority of Abu Wa'il who said: I heard Sahl b. Hunaif say at Siffin: Blame (the hollowness) of your views about your religion. I thought to myself on the day of Abu Jandal that if I could turn down the order of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), I would. The situation was so difficult that if we mended it at one place, it was rent at another.

No. 4409

It has been narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik who said: When they (Companions of the Prophet) were overwhelmed with grief and distress on his return from Hudaibiya where he had slaughtered his sacrificial beasts (not being allowed to proceed to Mecca), the Qur'anic verse: Inna fatahna... laka fathan mobinan to fauzan 'aziman, was revealed to him. (At this) he said: On me has descended a verse that is dearer to me than the whole world.

No. 4410

This tradition has been narrated through a different chain of transmitters.




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