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‏الإمارة (The Book on Government )
CHAPTER: ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS ON THE PART OF STATE OFFICERS IS FORBIDDEN  

No. 4509

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Humaid as-Sa'idi who said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) appointed a man from the Asad tribe who was called Ibn Lutbiyya in charge of Sadaqa (i. e. authorised hign to receive Sadaqa from the people on behalf of the State. When he returned (with the collictions), he said: This is for you and (this is mine as) it was presented to me as a gift. The narrator said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) stood on the pulpit and praised God and extolled Him. Then he said: What about a State official whom I give an assignment and who (comes and) says: This is for you and this has been presented to me as a gift? Why didn't he remain in the house of his father or the house of his mother so that he could observe whether gifts were presented to him or not. By the Being in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, any one of you will not take anything from it but will bring it on the Day of Judgment, carrying on his neck a camel that will be growling, or a cow that will be bellowing or an ewe that will be bleating. Then he raised his hands so that we could see the whiteness of his armpits. Then he said twice: O God, I have conveyed (Thy Commandments).

No. 4510

It has been reported on the authority of Abu Humaid as-Sa'idi who said: The Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) appointed Ibn Lutbiyya, a man from the Azd tribe, in charge of Sadaqa (authorising him to receive gifts from the people on behalf of the State). He came with the collectio, gave it to the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). and said: This wealth is for you and this is a gift presented to me. The Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: Why didn't you remain in the house of your father and your mother to see whether gifts were presented to you or not. Then he stood up to deliver a sermon. Here follows the tradition like the tradition of Sufyan.

No. 4511

It has been reported on the authority of Abu Humaid as-Sa'idi who said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) appointed a man from the Azd tribe. called Ibn al-, Utbiyya, in charge of Sadaqat to be received from Banu Sulaim. When he came (back), the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) asked him to render his account. He said: This wealth is for you (i. e. for the public treasury) and this is a gift (presented to me). The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: You should have remained in the house of your father and your mother, until your gift came to you if you spoke the truth; then he addressed us. He praised God and extolled Him, and afterwards said: I appoint a man from you to a responsible post sharing with the authority that God has entrusted to me, and he comes to me saying: This wealth is for you (i. e. for the public treasury) and this is a gift presented to me. Why did he not remain in the house of his father and his mother and his gift came to him, if he was truthful? By God, any one of you will not take anything from (the public funds) without any justification, but will meet his Lord carrying it on himself on the Day of judgment. I will recognise any one of you meeting Allaah and carrying a growling camel, or a cow bellowing or a goat bleating. Then he raised his hands so high that whiteness of his armpits could be seen. Then he said: O my Lord, I have conveyed (Thy Commandments). The narrator says: My eyes saw (the Prophet standing in that pose) and my ears heard (what he said).

No. 4512

This tradition has been hanoed down through a different chain of transmitters on the authority of Hisham with aslight variation in the wording.

No. 4513

It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Humaid as-Sa'idi that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) appointed a man in charge of Sadaqa (authorising him to receive charity from the people on behalf of the State). He came (back to the Prophet) with a large number of things and started saying: This is for you and this has been presented to me as a gift. Here follows the tradition that has gone before except that 'Urwa (one of the narrators in the chain of transmitters) asked Abu Humaid: Did you hear it from the Messenger of Allaah (himself) (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam)? He replied: My ears heard it from his mouth.

No. 4514

It has been reported on the authority of 'Adi b. 'Amira al-Kindi who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: Whoso from you is appointed by us to a position of authority and he conceals from us a needle or something smaller than that, it would be misappropriation (of public funds) and will (have to) produce it on the Day of Judgment. The narrator says: A dark-complexioned man from the Ansar stood up-I can visualise him still-and said: Messenger of Allaah, take back from me your assignment. He said: What has happened to you? The man said: I have heard you say so and so. He said: I say that (even) now: Whoso from you is appointed by as to a position of authority, he should bring everything, big of small, and whatever he is given therefrom he should take, and he should restrain himself from taking that which is forbidden.

No. 4515

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Isma'il with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 4516

Adi b. 'Amira al-Kindi heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying (as) was narrated in the (above-mentioned) hadith.




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