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‏الأضاحي (The Book of Sacrifices )
CHAPTER: THE PROPER TIME FOR SACRIFICE  

No. 4818

Jundab b. Sufyan reported: I was with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on the day of 'Id al-Adha. While he had not returned after having offered (the Id prayer) and finished it, he saw the flesh of the sacrificial animals which had been slaughtered before he had completed the prayer. Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: One who slaughtered his sacrificial animal before his prayer or our prayer ('Id), he should slaughter another one in its stead, and he who did not slaughter, he should slaughter by reciting the name of Allaah.

No. 4819

Jundab b. Sufyan reported: I was with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) (on the occasion) of 'Id al-Adha. After he had completed the prayer with people, he found that the goats had been slaughtered, whereupon he said: He who slaughtered sacrificial animal before the prayer should slaughter a goat (again) in its stead and he who has not slaughtered he should slaughter it by reciting the name of Allaah.

No. 4820

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of al-Aswad b. Qais with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 4821

Jundab al-Bajali reported: I saw Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observing ('Id) prayer on the Day of Sacrifice (10th of Dhu'l-Hijja) and then delivering a sermon and he said: He who sacrificed the (animal) before offering ('Id) prayer, he should offer again in its stead, and he who did not sacrifice the animal should slaughter it by reciting the name of Allaah.

No. 4822

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu'ba through another chain of transmitters.

No. 4823

Al-Bara' reported: My maternal uncle Abu Burda sacrificed his animal before ('Id) prayer. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: That is a goat (slaughtered for the sake of) flesh (and not as a sacrifice on the day of Adha). He said: I have a lamb of six months. Thereupon he said: Offer it as a sacrifice, but it will not justify for anyone except you, and then said: He who sacrificed (the animal) before ('Id) prayer, he in fact slaughtered it for his own self, and he who slaughtered after prayer, his ritual of sacrifice became complete and he in fact observed the religious practice of the Muslims.

No. 4824

Al-Bara' b. 'Azib reported that his maternal'uncle Abu Burda b. Niyar sacrificed his animal earlier than the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had sacrificed. Thereupon he said: Prophet of Allaah, it is the day of meat and it is not desirable (to have longing for it and not to make use of it immediately), so I hastened in offering my animal as a sacrifice, so that I might feed my family and neighbours and my kith and kin. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Offer again your sacrifice. He said: Messenger of Allaah, I have a small milch goat of less than one year, and that is better than two dry goats (from which only) meat (can be acquired). Thereupon he said: That is better than the two animals of sacrifice on your behalf, and the sacrifice of a goat, of less than six months shall not be accepted as a sacrifice on behalf of anyone after your (sacrifice).

No. 4825

Al-Bara' b. 'Azib reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) delivered an address on the day (of Nahr) in which he said: None of you should offer sacrifice of animals until he has completed the ('Id) prayer. Thereupon my maternal uncle said: Messenger of Allaah, it is the day of meat, so it is not desirable (to keep my family in the state of longing). The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 4826

Al-Bara' reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said: He who observes prayer like our prayer and turns his face towards our Qibla (in prayer) and who offers sacrifices (of animals) as we do, he must not slaughter the (animal as a sacrifice) until he has completed the prayer. Thereupon my maternal uncle said: Messenger of Allaah, I have sacrificed the animal on behalf of my son. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: This is the thing in which you have made haste for your family. He said: I have a goat with me better than two goats. Thereupon he said: Sacrifice it for that is the best.

No. 4827

Al-Bara' b. 'Azib reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said: The first (act) with which we started our day (the day of 'Id-ul Adha) was that we offered prayer. We then returned and sacrificed the animals and he who did that in fact adhered to our Sunnah (practice). And he who slaughtered the (animal on that day before the 'Id prayer), for him (the slaughtering of animal was directed to the acquiring of) meat for his family, and there is nothing of the sort of sacrifice in it. It was Abu Burda b. Niyar who had slaughtered (the animal before the 'Id prayer). He said: I have a small lamb, of less than one year, but better than that of more than a year. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) qaid: Sacrifice it, but it will not suffice (as a sacrifice) for anyone after you.

No. 4828

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of al-Bara' b. 'Azib through another chain of transmitters.

No. 4829

al-Bara' b. 'Azib reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) addressed us on the day of Nahr after the ('Id) prayer. The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 4830

Al-Bara' b. 'Azib reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) addressed us on the day of Nahr and said: None should sacrifice the animal unless he has completed the ('Id) prayer. A person said: I have a milch goat of less than one year, better than two fat goats. Thereupon he said: Sacrifice it, and no goat of less than a year of age will be accepted as sacrifice after you.

No. 4831

Al-Bara' b. 'Azib reported that Abu Burda slaughtered the animal as a sacrifice before the ('Id) prayer. Thereupon Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Offer a substitute for it (since it does not absolve you of the responsibility of sacrifice). Thereupon he said: Allaah's Messenger. I have nothing with me but a goat of less than six months. Shu'ba (one of the narrators) said: I think he (al-Bara' b. 'Azib also) said: And it is better than a goat of one year. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Make it a substitute for that (and sacrifice it), but it will not suffice for anyone (as a sacrifice) after you.

No. 4832

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters, but did not mention tht doubt (expressed in his statement) That is (the goat of less than a year) is better than a goat of more than one year.

No. 4833

Anas (b. Malik) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) having said on the day of Nahr (Sacrifice): He who slaughtered (the animal as a sacrifice) before the ('Id) prayer. should repeat it (i. e. offer another animal). Thereupon a person stood up and said: Messenger of Allaah, that is the day when meat is much desired, and he also made a mention of the need of his neighbour, and perhaps Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) attested it. He (the person who had sacrificed the animal before the 'Id prayer) said: I have a goat of less than one year of age with me and I like it more than two fleshy goats; should I offer it as a sacrifice? He permitted him to do so. He (the narrator) said: I do not know whether this permission was granted to anyone else besides him or not. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) then turned towards two rams. and he slaughtered them, and the people' came to the goats and got them distributed amongst themselves (for offering them as sacrifice).

No. 4834

Anas b. Malik reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) offered the 'Id prayer and then delivered the sermon giving the command: He who slaughtered the animal before prayer should slaughter (another animal as a sacrifice). The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 4835

Anas b. Malik reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) addressed us on the day of 'Id al-Adha. He smelt the odour of flesh and he prohibited thern from slaughtering (the animals before the 'Id prayer), saying: He who slaughtered the animals (before the 'Id prayer) should do that again (as it is not valid as a sacrifice).




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