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‏فضائل الصحابة‏ (The Virtues of the Companions)
CHAPTER: MERITS OF UTHAMN B. 'AFFAN (ALLAAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM)  

No. 5906

A'isha reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was lying in the bed in my apartment with his thigh or his shank uncovered that Abu Bakr sought permission to get in. It was given to him and he conversed in the same very state (the Prophet's thigh or shank uncovered). Then 'Umar sought permission for getting in and it was given to him and he conversed in that very state. Then 'Uthman sought permission for getting in; Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sat down and he set right his clothes. Mubammad (one of the narrators) said: I do not say that it happened on the same day. He ('Uthman) then entered and conversed and as he went out, A'isha said: Abu Bakr entered aind you did not stir and did not observe much care (in arranging your clothes), then 'Umar entered and you did not stir and did not arrange your clothes, then 'Uthman entered and you got up and set your clothes right, thereupon he said: Should I not show modesty to one whom even the Angels show modesty.

No. 5907

A'isha, the wife of Allaah's Prophet (mav sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and Uthman both reported that Abu Bakr sought permission from Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) for entrance (in his apartment) as he had been lying on his bed covered with the bed-sheet of A'isha, and he gave permission to Abu Bakr in that very state and he, having his need fulfilled, went back. Then Umar sought permission and it was given to him in that very state and, after having his need fulfilled, he went back. And 'Uthman reported: Then I sought permission from him and he got up and raid to A'isha: Wrap yourself well with your cloth, then I got my need fulfilled and came back. And A'isha said: Allaah's Messenger, why is it that I did not see you feeling any anxiety in case of dressing properly in the presence of Abu Bakr and 'Umar (Allaah be pleased with them) as you showed in case of 'Uthman. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Verily Uthman is a person who is very modest and I was afraid that if I permitted him to enter in this very state he would not inform me of his need.

No. 5908

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Uthman and A'isha with the same wording.

No. 5909

Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that while Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was in one of the gardens of Medina, reclining against a pillow and fixing a stick in a mud, that a person came asking for the gate to be opened, whereupon he said: Open it for him and give him glad tidings of Paradise and, lo, it was Abu Bakr. I opened (the gate) for him and gave him the glad tidings of Paradise. Then another person asked for the door to be opened, whereupon he said: Open it and give him the glad tidings of Piradise. He said: I went away and, lo, it was 'Umar. I opened it for him and gave him the glad tidings of Paradise. Then still another man asked for the door to be opened, and thereupon Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Open it and give him the glad tidings of Paradise after a trial would afflict him. I went and, lo, it was 'Uthman b. 'Affan. 1 opened the door and gave him the glad tidings of Paradise and informed him (what the Prophet had said). Thereupon he said: O Allaah, grant me steadfastness. Allaah is one Whose help is to be sought.

No. 5910

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Musa al-Ash'ari with a slight variation of wording.

No. 5911

Abu Musa Ash'ari reported that he performed ablution in his house and then came out saying: I would remain with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) the whole day long. He came to the mosque, and asked about Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). They (his Companions) said: He has gone in this direction. He (Abu Musa Ash'ari) said: I followed his steps asking about him until I came to Bi'r Aris (it is a well in the suburb of Medina). I sat by its wooden door until Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had relieved himself and then performed ablution. I went to him and he was sitting with his shanks uncovered hp to the knees and his legs dangl- ing in that well. I offered him salutations. I then came back and sat at the door as if I had been a chamberlain at the door of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that day. There came Abu Bakr and knocked the door and I said: Who is it? He said: This is Abu Bakr. I said: Wait, please. I went and said: Allaah's Messenger, here is Abu Bakr seeking permission. Thereupon he said: Admit him and give him glad tidings of Paradise. I came and I said to Abu Bakr to get in (and also told him) that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was giving him the glad tidings of Paradise. Abu Bakr got in and sat on the right side of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and dangled his feet in the well as Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had done, and he uncovered his shanks. I then returned and sat there and I had left my brother as he had been performing ablution and he was to meet me and I said: If Allaah would intend goodness for such and such he would intend goodness for his brother and He would bring him. I was thinking this that a person stirred the door. I said: Who is it. He said: This is Umar b., Khattab. I said: Wait. Then I came to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), greeted him and said: Here is 'Umar seeking your. permission to get in. Thereupon he said: Let him come in and give him glad tid- ings of Paradise. I came to Umar and said: There is permission for you and glad tidings for you from Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) for Paradise. He got in and sat on the left side of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) with his feet dangling in the well. I then returned and sat and said: If Allaah would intend goodness for such and such (that is for his brother), He would bring him. And I was contemplat- ing over it that a man stirred the door and I said: Who is it? He said: This is Uthman b. Affan. I said: Wait, please. I then came to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and informed him. and he said: Admit him and give him glad tidings (and inform) him of the turmoil which he shall have to face. I came and said: Get in, Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gives you the glad tidings of Paradise along with the trial which you shall have to face. He got in and saw the elevated plan round the well fully occupied. He sat on the other side. Sharik said that Sa'id b. al-Musayyib reported: I drew a conclusion from it that their groves would be (in this very state, the graves of Hadrat Abu Bakr, 'Umar Faruq by the tide of the Prophet [sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam] and the grave of Hadrat 'Uthman away from their graves).

Abu Musa. reported: I set out with the intention (of meeting) Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and came to know that he had gone to the gardens (in the suburb of Medina). I followed him and found him in a garden sitting upon an elevated place round the well with his shanks uncovered which had been dangling in the well. The rest of the hadith is the same but with this variation that there is no mention of the words of Sa'id: all drew a conclusion from it pertaining to their graves."

No. 5912

Sa'id b. al-Musayyib reported Abu Musa Ash'ari having said that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) set out one day to the suburbs of Medina for reliev- ing himself. I followed his steps. The rest of the hadith is the same. Ibn Musayyib said: I concluded (from the manner of their sitting) the (order) of their graves. (The three) would be together (the graves of the Prophet, Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat Umar) and that of 'Uthman would be separate (from them).




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