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‏فضائل الصحابة‏ (The Virtues of the Companions)
CHAPTER: MERITS OF SA'D B. ABI WAQQAS (ALLAAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM)  

No. 5925

'A'isha reported that Allaah's Messenger (may peace he upon him) lay on bed during one night and said: Were there a pious person from amongst my companions who should keep a watch for me during the nightt? She said: We heard the noise of arms, whereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Who is it? And Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas said: Allaah's MesseDger. I have come to serve as your sentinel. 'A'isha said: Allaah' s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) slept (such a sound sleep) that I heard the noise of his snoring.

No. 5926

'A'isha reported that Allaah's Messenger (may peace he upon him) laid down on bed during one night on his arrival at Medina and said: Were there a pious person from amongst my Companions who should keep a watch for me durin. the night? She (A'isha) reported: We were in this state that we heard the clanging noise of arms. lie (the Prophet) said: Who is it? He said: This is Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: What brings you here? Thereupon he said: I harboured fear (lest any harm should come to) Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), so I came to serve as your sentinel. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) invoked blessings upon him. He then slept. This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Rumh with a slight variation of wording.

No. 5927

'Abdullah b. 'Amir b. Rabi reported A'isha as saying: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) went to bed one night; the rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 5928

'Abdullah b. Shaddad reported that he heard 'Allaahs saying: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not gather his parents except in case of Sa'd b. Malik that he said to him on the Day of Ubud: Shoot an arrow, may my father and mother be taken as ransom for you.

No. 5929

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of 'Ali through another chain of transmitters.

No. 5930

Sa'd b Abi Waqqqs said: Allaah's Messenger (may peace he upon him) gathered his parents for me on the Day of Uhud.

No. 5931

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Yabyl b. Sa'id with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 5932

'Amir b. Sa'd reported oLi the authority of his father that Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) gathered for him on the Day of Uhud his parents when a polytheist had set fire to (i. e. attacked fiercely) the Muslims. Thereupon Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: (Sa'd), shoot an arrow, (Sa'd), may my mother and father be taken as ransom for you. I drew an arrow and I shot a featherless arrow at him aiming his side that lie fell down and his private parts were exposed. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) laughed that I saw his front teeth.

No. 5933

Mus'ab b. Sa'd reported on the authority of his father that many verses of the Qur'an had been revealed in connection with him. His mother Umm Sa'd had taken oath that she would never talk with him until he abandoned his faith and she neither ate nor drank and said: Allaah has commanded you to treat well your parents and I am your mother and I command you to do this. She passed three days in this state until she fainted because of extreme hunger and at that time her son whose name was Umara stood up and served her drink and she began to curse Sa'd that Allaah, the Exalted and Glorions, revealed these verses of the Holy Qur'an:" And We have enjoined upon a person goodness to his parents but if they contend with thee to associate (others) with Me of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not" (xxix. 8) ; Treat thein with customary good in this world" (xxxi. 15). He also reported that there fell to the lot of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) huge spoils of war and there was one sword in them. I picked that up and came to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and said: Bestow this sword upon me (as my share in the spoils of war) and you know my state. Thereupon he said: Return it to the place from where you picked it up. I went back until I decided to throw it in a store but my soul repulsed me so I came back and asked him to give that sword to me. He said in a loud voice to return it to the place from where I had picked it up. It was on this occasion that this verse was revealed:" They asked about the spoils of war" (viii. 1). He further said: I once fell ill and sent a message to Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). He visited me and I said to him: Permit me to distribute (in charity) my property as much as I like. He did not agree. I said: (Permit me to distribute) half of it. He did not agree. I said: (Permit me to distribute) the third part, whereupon he kept quiet and it was after this (that the distribution of one's property in charity) to the extent of one-third was held valid. He further said: I came to a group of persons of the Ansir and Muhajirin and they said: Come, so that we may serve you wine, and it was before the use of wine had been prohibited. I went to them in a garden and there had been with them the roasted head of a camel and a small water-skin containing wine. I ate and drank along with them and there came under discussion the Ansr (Helpers) and Muhajirin (immigrants). I said: The immigrants are better than the Ansar, that a person picked up a portion of the head (of the camel and struck me with it that my nose was injured. I came to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and informed him of the situation that Aliah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed verses pertaining to wine:" Intoxicants and the games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (divining by) arrows are only an uncleanliness, the devil's work" (v. 90).

No. 5934

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Simak and the hadith transmitted on the authority of Shu'ba (the words are): When they intended to feed her (Sa'd'. s mother), they opened her mouth with the help of a stick and then put the feed in her mouth, and in the same hadith the words are: He struck the nose of Sa'd and it was injured and Sa'd had (the mark) of wound on his nose.

No. 5935

Sa'd reported: This verse was revealed in relation to six persons and I and Ibn Mas'ud were amongst them. The polytheists said to him (the Prophet): Do not keep such persons near you. It was upon this that (this verse was revealed):" Drive not away those who call upon their Lord morning and evening desiring only His pleasure" (vi. 52).

No. 5936

Sa'd reported: We were six men in the company of Allaah's Messenger (, nay sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that the polytheists said to Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam): Drive them away so that they may not be overbold upon us. He said: I, Ibn Mas'ud and a person from the tribe of Hudhail, Bilal and two other persons, whose names I do not know (were amongst such persons). And there occurred to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) what. Allaah wished and he talked with himself that Allaah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed:" Do not drive away those who call their Lord morning and evening desiring to seek His pleasure."




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