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‏فضائل الصحابة‏ (The Virtues of the Companions)
CHAPTER: THE MERITS OF FATIMA, DAUGHTER OF ALLAAH'S APOSTLE (SALLALLAAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM)  

No. 5999

Miswar b. Makhramali reported that he heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say, as he sat on the pulpit: The sons of Hisham b. Mughira have asked my permission to marry their daughter with 'Ali b. Abi Talib (that refers to the daughter of Abu Jahl for whom 'All had sent a proposal for marriage). But I would not allow them, I would not allow them, I would not allow them (and the only alternative possible is) that 'Ali should divorce my daughter (and then marry their daughter), for my daughter is part of me. He who disturbs her in fact disturbs me and he who offends her offends me.

No. 6000

Miswar b. Makhramah reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Fatima is a part of me. He in fact tortures me who tortures her.

No. 6001

(Imam Zain-ul-'Abidin) 'Ali b. Husain reported that when they came to Medina from Yazid b. Mu'awiya after the martyrdom of Husain b. 'Ali (Allaah be pleased with him) Miswar b. Makhramah met him and said to him: Is there any work for me which you ask me to do? I said to him: No. He again said to me: Would you not give me the sword of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) for I fear that the people may snatch it from you? By Allaah, if you give that to me, no one would be able to take it away, so long as there is life in me. Verily 'Ali b. Abi Talib sent a proposal of marriage to the daughter of Abu Jahl in spite of (the fact that his wife) Fatima (had been living in his house). Thereupon I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say while addressing the people on the pulpit. I was adolescing in those days. He said: Fatima is a part of me and I fear that she may be put to trial in regard to religion. He then made a mention of his son-in law who had been from the tribe of 'Abd Shams and praised his behaviour as a son-in-law and said: Whatever he said to me he told the truth and whatever he promised he fulfilled it for me. I am not going to declare forbidden what is lawful and make lawful what is forbidden, but, by Allaah, the daaghter of Allaah's Messenger and the daughter of the enemy of Allaah can never be combined at one place.

No. 6002

'Ali b. Husain reported that Miswar b. Makhramah informed him that 'Ali b. Abi Talib sent the proposal of marriage to the daughter of Abu Jahl as he had Fatima, the daughter of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), (as his wife). When Fatima heard about it, she came to Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and said: The people say that you never feel angry on account of your daughters and now 'Ali is going to marry the daughter of Abu Jahl. Makhramah said: Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) rose up and I heard him reciting Tashahhud and say: Now to the point. I gave a daughter of mine (Zainab) to Abu'l-'As b. Rabi, and he spoke to me and spoke the truth. Verily Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad, is a part of me and I do not approve that she may be put to any trial and by Allaah, the daughter of Allaah's Messenger cannot be combined with the daughter of God's enemy (as the co-wives) of one person. Thereupon 'Ali gave up (the idea of his intended) marriage. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 6003

'A'isha reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) called his daughter Fatima (during his last illness). He said. to her something secretly and she wept. He again said to her something secretly and she laughed. 'A'isha further reported that she said to Fatima: What is that which Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to you secretly and you wept and then said to you something secretly and you laughed? Thereupon she said: He informed me secretly of his death and so I wept. He then again informed me secretly that I would be the first amongst the members of his family to follow him and so I laughed.

No. 6004

'A'isha reported: We, the wives of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), were with him (during his last illness) and none was absent therefrom that Fatima, who walked after the style of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), came there, and when he saw her he welcomed her saying: You are welcome, my daughter. He their made her sit on his right side or on his left side. Then he said something secretly to her and she wept bitterly and when he found her (plunged) in grief he said to her something secretly for the second time and she laughed. I ('A'isha) said to her: Allaah's Messenger has singled you amongst the women (of the family) for talking (to you something secretly) and you wept. When Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) recovered from illness, I said to her. What did Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say to you? Thereupon she said: I am not going to disclose the secret of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). When Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) died, I said to her: I adjure you by the right that I have upon you that you should narrate to me what Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to you. She said: Yes, now I can do that (so listen to it). When he talked to me secretly for the first time he informed me that Gabirel was in the habit of reciting the Qur'an along with him once or twice every year, but this year it had been twice and so he perceived his death quite near, so fear Allaah and be patient (and he told me) that he would be a befitting forerunner for me and so I wept as you saw me. And when he saw me in grief he talked to me secretly for the second time and said: Fatima, are you not pleased that you should be at the head of the believing women or the head of this Umma? I laughed and it was that laughter which you saw.

No. 6005

'A'isha reported that all the wives of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had gathered (in her apartment) during the days of his (Prophet's) last illness and no woman was left behind that Fatima, who walked after the style of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), came there. He welcomed her by saying: You are welcome, my daughter, and made her sit on his right side or on his left side, and then talked something secretly to her and Fitima wept. Then he talked something secretly to her and she laughed. I said to her: What makes you weep? She said; I am not going to divulge the secret of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). I ('A'isha) said: I have not seen (anything happening) like today, the happiness being more close to grief (as I see today) when she wept. I said to her: Has Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) singled you out for saying something leaving us aside? She then wept and I asked her what he said, and she said: I am not going to divulge the secrets of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). And when he died I again asked her and she said that he (the Prophet) told her: Gabriel used to recite the Qur'an to me once a year and for this year it was twice and so I perceived that my death had drawn near, and that I ('A'isha) would be the first amongst the members of his family who would meet him (in the Hereafter). He shall be my good forerunner and it made me weep. He again talked to me secretly (saying): Arn't you pleased that you should be the sovereign amongst the believing women or the head of women of this Umma? And this made me laugh.




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