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‏فضائل الصحابة‏ (The Virtues of the Companions)
CHAPTER: THE MERITS OF HASSAN B. THABIT (ALLAAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM)  

No. 6071

Abu Huraira reported that 'Umar happened to pass by Hassan as he was reciting verses in the mosque. He (Hadrat 'Umar) looked towards him (meaningfully), whereupon he (gassin) said: I used to recite (verses) when one better than you (the Prophet) had been present (here). He then looked towards Abu Huraira and said to him: I adjure you by Allaah (to tell) if you had not heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: (Hassan), give a reply on my behalf; Allaah I help him with Ruh-ul-Qudus. He (Abu Huraira) said: By Allaah, it is so (i. e. the Prophet actually said these words).

No. 6072

Ibn Musayyib reported that Hassan said to a circle in which there was also Abu Huraira: Abu Huraira, I adjure you by Allaah (to tell) whether you-had not heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying like this.

No. 6073

'Abd al-Rahman reported that he heard Hassin b. Thabit al-Ansari call Abu Huraira to bear witness by saying: I adjure you by Allaah if you had not heard Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying: Hassin, give a reply on behalf of the Messenger of Allaah. O Allaah, help him with Ruh-ul-Qudus. Abu Huraira said: Yes, it is so.

No. 6074

Al-Bari' b. 'Azib reported: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Hassan b. Thibit, write satire (against the non-believers) ; Gabriel is with you. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 6075

Hisham reported on the authority of his father that Hassan b. Thabit talked much about 'A'isha. I scolded him, whereupon she said: My nephew, leave him for he defended Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 6076

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hishim with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 6077

Masruq reported: I visited 'A'isha when Hassin was sitting there and reciting verses from his compilation: She is chaste and prudent. There is no calumny against her and she rises up early in the morning without eating the meat of the un- mindful. 'A'isha said: But you are not so. Masruq said: I said to her: Why do you permit him to visit you, whereas Allaah has said:" And as for him among them who took upon himself the main part thereof, he shall have a grievous punishment" (XXIV. ll)? Thereupon she said: What tornient can be more severe than this that he has become blind? He used to write satire as a rebuttal on behalf of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 6078

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.

No. 6079

'A'isha reported that Hassin said: Allaah's Messenger, permit me to write satire against Abu Sufyan, whereupon he said: How can it be because I am also related to him? Thereupon he (Hassan) said: By Him Who has honoured you. I shall draw you out from them (their family) just as hair is drawn out from the fermented (flour). Thereupon Hassan said: The dignity and greatness belongs to the tribe of Bint Makhzum from amongst the tribe of Hisham, whereas your father was a slave.

No. 6080

'Urwa reported on the same chain of transmitters that Hassan b. Thabit sought permission from Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) to satirise against the polytheists, but he did not mention Abu Sufyan. And instead of the word al- Khamir, the word al-'Ajin was used.

No. 6081

'A'isha reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said. Satirise against the (non-believing amongst the) Quraish, for (the satire) is more grievous to them than the hurt of an arrow. So he (the Prophet) sent (someone) to Ibn Rawiha and asked him to satirise against them, and he composed a satire, but it did not appeal to him (to the Prophet). He then sent (someone) to Ka'b b. Malik (to do the same, but what he composed did not appeal to the Prophet). He then sent one to Hassan b. Thabit. As he got into his presence, Hassan said: Now you have called for this lion who strikes (the enemies) with his tail. He then brought out his tongue and began to move it and said: By Him Who has sent you with Truth, I shall tear them with my tongue as the leather is torn. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Don't be hasty; (let) Abu Bakr who has the best know- ledge of the lineage of the Quraish draw a distinction for you in regard to my lineage, as my lineage is thesame as theirs. Hassan then came to him (Abu Bakr) and after making inquiry (in regard to the lineage of the Prophet) came back to him (the Prophet) and said: Allaah's Messenger, he (Abu Bakr) has drawn a distinction in vour lineage (and that of the Quraish) By Him Who has sent you with Truth, I shall draw out from them (your name) as hair is drawn out from the flour. 'A'isha said: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying to Hassin: Verily Ruh-ul- Qudus would continue to help you so long as you put up a defence on behalf of Allaah and His Messenger. And she said: I heard Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying: Hassan satirised against them and gave satisfaction to the (Muslims) and disquieted (the non-Muslims).

You satirised Muhammad, but I replied on his behalf,

And there is reward with Allaah for this.

You satirised Muhammad. virtuous, righteous,

The Prophet of Allaah, whose nature is truthfulness.

So verily my father and his father and my honour

Are a protection to the honour of Muhammad;

May I lose my dear daughter, if you don't see her,

Wiping away the dust from the two sides of Kada',

They pull at the rein, going upward;

On their shoulders are spears thirsting (for the blood of the enemy) ;

our steeds are sweating-our women wipe them with their mantles.

If you had not interfered with us, we would have performed the 'Umra,

And (then) there was the Victory, and the darkness cleared away.

Otherwise wait for the fighting on the day in which Allaah will honour whom He pleases.

And Allaah said: I have sent a servant who says the Truth in which there is no ambiguity;

And Allaah said: I have prepared an army-they are the Ansar whose object is fighting (the enemy),

There reaches every day from Ma'add abuse, or fighting or satire;

Whoever satirises the Prophet from amongst you, or praises him and helps it is all the same,

And Gabriel, the Prophet of Allaah is among us, and the Holy Spirit who has no match.




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