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‏فضائل الصحابة‏ (The Virtues of the Companions)
CHAPTER: THE MERITS OF ABU MU'SA ASHIARI AND ABU 'AMIR (ALLAAH BE PLEASED WITH THEM)  

No. 6091

Abu Musa reported: I was in the company of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as he had been sitting in Ji'rana (a place) between Mecca and Medina and Bilal was also there, that there came to Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) a desert Arab, and he said: Muhammad, fulfill your promise that you made with me. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to him: Accept glad tidings. Thereupon the desert Arab said: You shower glad tidings upon me very much; then Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) turned towards Abu Musa and Bilal seemingly in a state of annoyance and said: Verily he has rejected glad tidings but you two should accept them. We said: Allaah's Messenger, we have readily accepted them. Then Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) called for a cup of water and washed his hands in that and face too and put the saliva in it and then said: Drink out of it and pour it over your faces and over your chest and gladden yourselves. They took hold of the cup and did as Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had commanded them to do. Thereupon Umm Salama called from behind the veil: Spare some water in your vessel for your mother also, and they also gave some water which had been spared for her.

No. 6092

Abu Burda reported on the authority of his father that when Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had been free from the Battle of Hunain, he sent Abu 'Amir as the head of the army of Autas. He had an encounter with Duraid b. as_Simma. Duraid was killed and Allaah gave defeat to his friends. Abu Musa said: He (the Prophet) sent me along with Abu 'Amir and Abu 'Amir received a wound in his knee from the arrow, (shot by) a person of Bani Jusham. It stuck in his knee. I went to him and said: Uncle, who shot an arrow upon you? Abu 'Amir pointed out to Abu Musa and said: Verily that one who shot an arrow upon me in fact killed me. Abu Musa said: I followed him with the determination to kill him and overtook him and when he saw me he turned upon his heels. I followed him and I said to him: Don't you feel ashamed (that you run), aren't you an Arab? Why don't you stop? He stopped and I had an encounter with him and we exchanged the strokes of (swords). I struck him with the sword and killed him. Then I came back to Abu Amir and said: Verily Allaah has killed the one who killed you. And he said: Now draw out this arrow. I drew out the arrow and there came out from that (wound) water. Abu 'Amir said: My nephew, go to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and convey my greetings to him and tell him that Abu Amir begs you to ask forgiveness for him. And Abu Amir appointed me as the chief of the people and he died after a short time. When I came to Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) I visited him and he had been lying on the cot woven by strings and there was (no) bed over it and so there had been marks of the strings on the back of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and on his sides. I narrated to him what had happened to us and narrated to him about Abu Amir and said to him that he had made a request to the effect that forgiveness should be sought for him (from Allaah). Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) called for water and performed ablution with it. He then lifted his hands and said. O Allaah, grant pardon to Thy servant Abu Amir. (The Prophet had raised his hands so high for supplication) that I saw the whiteness of his armpits. He again said: O Allaah, grant him distinction amongst the majority of Thine created beings or from amongst the people. I said: Allaah's Messenger, ask forgiveness for me too. Thereupon Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Allaah, forgive the sins of Abdullah b. Qais (Abu Musa Ash'ari) and admit him to an elevated place on the Day of Resurrection. Abu Burda said: One prayer is for abu 'Amir and the other is tor Abu Musa.




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