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‏القدر (The Book of Divine Decree)
CHAPTER: THE SPAN OF LIFE AND LIVELIHOOD DOES NOT INCREASE OR DECREASE BEYOND THAT WHAT IS LAID DOWN  

No. 6438

Abdullah reported that Umm Habiba, the wife of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), said: 0 Allaah, enable me to derive benefit from my husband, the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and from my father Abu Sufyan and from my brother Mu'awiya. Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: You have asked from Allaah about durations of life already set, and the length of days already allotted and the sustenances the share of which has been fixed. Allaah would not do anything earlier before its due time, or He would not delay anything beyond its due time. And if you were to ask Allaah to provide you refuge from the torment of the HellFire, or from the torment of the grave, it would have good in store for you and better for you also. He (the narrator) further said: Mention was made before him about monkeys, and Mis'ar (one of the narrators) said: I think that (the narrator) also (made a mention) of the swine, which had suffered metamorphosis. Thereupon he (the Prophet) said: Verily, Allaah did not cause the race of those which suffered metamorphosis to grow or they were not survived by young ones. Monkeys and swine had been in existence even before (the metamorphosis of the human beings).

No. 6439

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Mis'ar with the same chain of transmitters but with this variation that the hadith transmitted on the authority of Ibn Bishr and Waki', the torment of the Hell-Fire and the torment of grave have been mentioned together (and there is no conjunction" iw" or" between them).

No. 6440

Ibn Mas'dd reported that Umm Habiba said: 0 Allaah, enable me to derive benefit from my husband, Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and from my father Abu Sufyan, and from my brother Mu'awiya. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to her: Verily, you have asked Allaah about the durations of life already set, and the steps which you would take, and the sustenances the share of which is fixed. Nothing would take place earlier than its due time, and nothing would be deferred beyond that when it is due. So, if you were to ask Allaah about your safety from the torment of Hell-Fire and from the torment of the grave, it would have been better for you. A person said: Allaah's Messenger, what about those apes and swine which suffered metamorphosis? Thereupon Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Verily, Allaah, the Exalted and Glorious, did not destroy a people or did not torment a people, and let their race grow. Apes and swine had been even before that (when the deniers of truth were tormented and suffered metamorphosis). This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Sufyin through another chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.




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