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(The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: THE RECITING OF AL-FATIHA IN EVERY RAK'AH OF PRAYER IS OBLIGATORY  

No. 771

'Ubada b. as-Samit reported from the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam ): He who does not recite Fatihat al-Kitab is not credited with having observed the prayer.

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No. 772

Ubada b. as-Samit reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: He who does not recite Umm al-Qur'an is not credited with having observed the prayer.

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No. 773

Mahmud b. al-Rabi', on whose face the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) squirted water from the well, reported on the authority of 'Ubada b. as- Samit that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: He who does not recite Umm al-Qur'an is not credited with having observed prayer.

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No. 774

This hadith has also been transmitted by Ma'mar from al-Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters with the addition of these words:" and something more".

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No. 775

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: If anyone observes prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur'an, It is deficient [he said this three times] and not complete. It was said to Abu Huraira: At times we are behind the Imam. He said: Recite it inwardly, for he had heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) declare that Allaah the Exalted had said: I have divided the prayer into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks. When the servant says: Praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the universe, Allaah the Most High says: My servant has praised Me. And when he (the servant) says: The Most Compassionate, the Merciful, Allaah the Most High says: My servant has lauded Me. And when he (the servant) says: Master of the Day of judg- ment, He remarks: My servant has glorified Me. and sometimes He would say: My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me. And when he (the worshipper) says: Thee do we worship and of Thee do we ask help, He (Allaah) says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Then, when he (the worshipper) says: Guide us to the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou hast been Gracious not of those who have incurred Thy displeasure, nor of those who have gone astray, He (Allaah) says: This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Sufyan said: 'Ala b. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Ya'qub narrated it to me when I went to him and he was confined to his home on account of illness, and I asked him about it.

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No. 776

It is naratted on the authority of Abu Huraira that he had heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: He who observed prayer but he did not recite the Umm al-Qur'an in it, and the rest of the hadith is the same as transmitted by Sufyan, and in this hadith the words are:" Allaah the Most High said: the prayer is divided into two halves between Me and My servant. The half of it is for Me and the half of it is for My servant."

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No. 777

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: He who said his prayer, but did not recite the opening chapter of al-Kitab, his prayer is incomplete. He repeated it thrice.

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No. 778

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: One is not credited with having observed the prayer without the recitation (of al-Fatiha). So said Abu Huraira: (The prayer in which) the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited in a loud voice, we also recited that loudly for you (and the prayer in which) he recited inwardly we also recited inwardly for you (to give you a practical example of the prayer of the Prophet).

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No. 779

'Ata' narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira who said that one should recite (al-Fatiha) in every (rak'ah of) prayer. What we heard (i. e. recitation) from the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), we made you listen to that. And that which he (recited) inwardly, we (recited) inwardly for you. A person said to him: If I add nothing to the (recitation) of the Umm al Qur'an (Surat al-Fatiha), would it make the prayer incomplete? He (AbuHuraira) said: If you add to that (if you recite some of verses of the Qur'an along with Surat at-Fatiha) that is better for you. But if you are contented with it (Surat al-Fatiha) only, it is sufficient for you.

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No. 780

'Ata' reported it on the authority of Abu Huraira who said: Recitation (of Surat al-Fatiha) in every (rak'ah) of prayer in essential. (The recitation) that we listened to from the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) we made you listen to it. And that which he recited inwardly to us, we recited it inwardly for you. And he who recites Umm al-Qur'an, it is enough for him (to complete the prayer), and he who adds to it (recites some other verses of the Holy Qur'an along with Surat al-Fatiha), it is preferable for him.

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No. 781

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) entered the mosque and a person also entered therein and offered prayer, and then came and paid salutation to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). The Mes- senger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) returned his salutation and said: Go back and pray, for you have not offered the prayer. He again prayed as he had prayed before, and came to the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and saluted him. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) returned the salutation and said: Go back and say prayer, for you have not offered the prayer. This (act of repeating the prayer) was done three times. Upon this the person said: By Him Who hast sent you with Truth, whatever better I can do than this, please teach me. He (the Prophet) said: When you get up to pray, recite takbir, and then recite whatever you conveniently can from the Qur'an, then bow down and remain quietly in that position, then raise your- self and stand erect; then prostrate yourself and remain quietly in that attitude; then raise yourself and sit quietly; and do that throughout all your prayers.

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No. 782

Abu Huraira reported: A person entered the mosque and said prayer while the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was sitting in a nook (of the mosque), and the rest of the hadith is the same as mentioned above, but with this addition:" When you get up to pray, perform the ablution completely, and then turn towards the Qibla and recite takbir (Allaah o Akbar =Allaah is the Most Great)."

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