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(The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: THE TASHAHHUD IN PRAYER  

No. 793

'Abdullah (b. Mas'ud) said: While observing prayer behind the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) we used to recite: Peace be upon Allaah, peace be upon so and so. One day the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to us: Verily Allaah is Himself Peace. When any one of you sits during the prayer. he should say: All services rendered by words, by acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allaah. Peace be upon you,0 Prophet, and Allaah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allaah's upright servants, for when he says this it reaches every upright servant in heaven and earth (and say further): I testify that there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him and offer it.

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No. 794

Shu'ba has narrated this on the authority of Mansur with the same chain of transmitters, but he made no mention of this:" Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him."

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No. 795

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Mansur with the same chain of transmitters and he made a mention of this:" Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him or which he likes."

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No. 796

Abdullah b. Mas'ud reported: We were sitting with the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) in prayer, and the rest of the hadith is the same as narrated by Mansur He (also said): After (reciting tashahud) he may choose any prayer.

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No. 797

Ibn Mas'ud is reported to have said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) taught me tashahhud taking my hand within his palms, in the same way as he taught me a Sura of the Qur'an, and he narrated it as narrated above.

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No. 798

Ibn 'Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to teach us tashahbud just as he used to teach us a Sura of the Qur'an, and he would say: All services rendered by., words, acts of worship. and all good thirgs are due to Allaah. Peace be upon you,0 Prophet. and Allaah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allaah's upright servants. I testify that there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah, and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. In the narration of Ibn Rumb (the words are):" As he would teach us the Qur'an."

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No. 799

Tawus narrated it on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas that he said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to teach us tashahhud as he would teach us a Sura of the Qur'an.

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No. 800

Hattan b. 'Abdullah al-Raqiishi reported: I observed prayer with Abu Musu al-Ash'ari and when he was in the qa'dah, one among the people said: The prayer has been made obligatory along with piety and Zakat. He (the narrator) said: When Abu Musa had finished the prayer after salutation he tuined (towards the people) and said: Who amongst you said such and such a thing? A hush fell on the people. He again said.. Who amongst you has said such and such a thing? A hush fell on the people. He (Abu Musa) said: Hattan, It is perhaps you that have uttered it. He (Hattan) said No. I have not uttered it. I was afraid that you might be annoyed with me on account of this. A person amongst the people said: It was I who said it, and In this I intended nothing but good. Abu Musa said: Don't you know what you have to recite in your prayers? Verily the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) addressed us and explained to us all Its aspects and taught us how to observe prayer (properly). He (the Prophet) said: When you pray make your rows straight and let anyone amongst you act as your Imim. Recite the takbir when he recites it and when be recites: Not of those with whom Thou art angry. nor of those who go astray, say: Amin. Allaah would respond you. And when he (the Imim) recites the takbir, you may also recite the takbir, for the Imam bows before you and raises himself before you. Then the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: The one is equivalent to the other. And when he says: Allaah listens to him who praises Him, you should say: 0 Allaah, our. Lord, to Thee be the praise, for Allaah, the Exalted and Glorious, has vouchsafed (us) through the tongue of His Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) that Allaah listens to him who praises Him. And when he (the Imim) recites the takbir and prostrates, you should also recite the takbir and prostrate, for the Imim prostrates before you and raises himself before you. The Messenger' of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: The one is equi- valent to the other. And when he (the Imim) sits for Qa'da (for tashahhud) the first words of every one amongst you should be: All services rendered by words, acts of worship and all good things are due to Allaah. Peace be upon you,0 Prophet, and Allaah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the upright servants of Allaah. I testify that there is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah, and I testify that Mubammad is His servant and His Messenger.

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No. 801

Qatida has narrated a badith like this with another chain of transmitters. In the badith transmitted by Jarir on the authority of Sulaiman, Qatida's further words are: When (the Qur'in) is recited (in prayer), you should observe silence, and (the following words are) not found in the hadith narrated by anyone except by Abu Kamil who heard it from Abu 'Awina (and the words are): Verily Allaah vouchsafed through the tongue of the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) this: Allaah listens to him who praises Him. Abu Ishaq (a student of Imam Muslim) said: Abu Bakr the son of Abu Nadr's sister has (critically) discussed this hadith. Imam Muslim said: Whom can you find a more authentic transmitter of badith than Sulaiman? Abu Bakr said to him (Imam Muslim): What about the hadith narrated by Abd Huraira, i. e. the hadith that when the Qur'in is recited (in pray er) observe silence? He (Abu Bakr again) said: Then, why. have you not included it (in your compilation)? He (Imam Muslim) said: I have not included in this every hadith which I deem authentic; I have recorded only such ahadith on which there is an agreement (amongst the Muhaddithin apart from their being authentic).

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No. 802

This hadith has been transmitted by Qatida with the same chain of transmitters (and the words are):" Allaah, the Exalted and the Glorious, commanded it through the tongue of His Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam): Allaah listens to him who praises Him."

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