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‏الصلاة (The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: FORBIDDANCE OF TALKING IN PRAYER AND ABROGATION OF WHAT WAS PERMISSIBLE  

No. 1094

Mu'awiya b. al-Hakam said: While I was praying with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), a man in the company sneezed. I said: Allaah have mercy on you! The people stared at me with disapproving looks, so I said: Woe be upon me, why is it that you stare at me? They began to strike their hands on their thighs, and when I saw them urging me to observe silence (I became angry) but I said nothing. When the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had said the prayer (and I declare that neither before him nor after him have I seen a leader who gave better instruction than he for whom I would give my father and mother as ransom). I swear that he did not scold, beat or revile me but said: Talking to persons is not fitting during the prayer, for it consists of glorifying Allaah, declaring his Greatness. and recitation of the Qur'an or words to that effect. I said: Messenger of Allaah. I was till recently a pagan, but Allaah has brought Islam to us; among us there are men who have recourse to Kahins. He said, Do not have recourse to them. I said. There are men who take omens. That is something which they find in their breasts, but let it not turn their way (from freedom of action). I said: Among us there are men who draw lines. He said: There was a prophet who drew lines, so if they do it as they did, that is allowable. I had a maid-servant who tended goats by the side of Uhud and Jawwaniya. One day I happened to pass that way and found that a wolf had carried a goat from her flock. I am after all a man from the posterity of Adam. I felt sorry as they (human beings) feel sorry. So I slapped her. I came to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and felt (this act of mine) as something grievous I said: Messenger of Allaah, should I not grant her freedom? He (the Prophet) said: Bring her to me. So I brought her to him. He said to her: Where is Allaah? She said: He is in the heaven. He said: Who am I? She said: Thou art the Messenger of Allaah. He said: Grant her freedom, she is a believing woman.

No. 1095

This hadith has been narrated by Yahya b. Abu Kathir with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 1096

Abdullah (b. Masu'd) reported: We used to greet the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) while he was engaged in prayer and he would respond to our greeting. But when we returned from the Negus we greeted him and he did not respond to us; so we said: Messenger of Allaah. we used to greet you when you were engaged in prayer and you would respond to us. He replied: Prayer demands whole attention.

No. 1097

This hadith has been reported by A'mash with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 1098

Zaid b. Arqam reported: We used to talk while engaged in prayer and a person talked with a companion on his side in prayer till (this verse) was revealed:" And stand before Allaah in devout obedience" (ii, 238) and we were commanded to observe silence (in prayer) and were forbidden to speak.

No. 1099

A hadith like this has been transmitted by Isma'il b. Abu Khalid.

No. 1100

Jabir reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent me on an errand. I (having done the business assigned to me came back and) joined him as he was going (on a ride). Qutaiba said that he was saying prayer while he rode. I greeted him. He gestured to me. When he completed the prayer. he called me and said: You greeted me just now while I was engaged in prayer. (Qutaiba said): His (Prophet's face) was towards the east, as he was praying.

No. 1101

Jabir reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent me (on an errand) while he was going to Banu Mustaliq. I came to him and he was engaged in prayer on the back of his camel. I talked to him and he gestured to me With his hand, and Zuhair gestured with his hand. I then again talked and he again (gestured to me with his hand). Zuhair pointed with his hand towards the ground. I heard him (the Prophet) reciting the Qur'an and making a sign with his head. When he com- pleted the prayer he sa'id: What have you done (with regard to that business) for which I sent you? I could not talk with you but for the fact that I was engaged in prayer. Zuhair told that Abu Zubair was sitting with his face turned towards Qibla (as he transmitted this hadith). Abu Zuhair pointed towards Banu Mustaliq with his hand and the direction to which he pointed with his hand was not towards the Ka'ba.

No. 1102

Jabir reported: We were in the company of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and he sent me on an errand, and when I came back (I saw him) saying prayer on his ride and his face was not turned towards Qibla. I greeted him but he did not respond to me. As he completed the prayer, he said: Nothing prevented me from responding to your greeting but the fact that I was praying.

No. 1103

This hadith that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) sent Jabir on an errand has been reported by him through another chain of transmitters.




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