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‏الصلاة (The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: TIMES OF PRAYER  

No. 1268

Ibn Shibab reported: 'Umar b. 'Abd al-'Aziz deferred the afternoon prayer somewhat and 'Urwa said to him: Gabriel came down and he led the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) in prayer. 'Umar said to him: O 'Urwa, are you aware of what you are saying? Upon this he ('Urwa) said: I heard Bashir b. Abu Mas'ud say that he heard Abu Mas'ud say that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: Gabriel came down and acted as my Imam, then I prayed with him, then I prayed with him, then I prayed with him. then I prayed with him. then I prayed with him. reckoning with his fingers five times of prayer.

No. 1269

Ibn Shibab reported: Umar b. 'Abd al-'Aziz one day deferred the prayer. 'Urwa b. Zubair came to him and informed him that one day as Mughira b. Shu'ba was in Kufa (as its governor), he deferred the prayer, Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari came to him and said: What is this, O Mughira? Did you know that it was Gabriel who came and said prayer and (then) the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said the prayer (along with him), then (Gabriel) prayed and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) also prayed, then (Gabriel) prayed and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) also prayed, then (Gabriel) prayed and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) prayed (along with him). then Gabriel prayed and the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) also prayed (along with him) and then said: This is how I have been ordered to do. 'Umar (b. 'Abd al-'Aziz) said. O 'Urwa be mindful of what you are saying that Gabriel (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) taught the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) the times of prayer. Upon this 'Urwa said: This is how Bashir b. Abu Mas'ud narrated on the authority of his father and (also said): 'A'isha?, the wife of the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). narrated it to me that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) used to say the afternoon prayer, when the light of the sun was there in her apartment before it went out (of it).

No. 1270

A'isha reported: The Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said the afternoon" prayer as the sun shone in my apartment, and the afternoon shadow did not extend further. Abu Bakr said: The afternoon shadow did not appear to extend further.

No. 1271

'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said the afternoon prayer (at the time) when the sun shone in her apartment and its shadow did not extend beyond her apartment.

No. 1272

A'isha reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said the afternoon prayer (at a time) when the (light) of the sun was there in my apartment.

No. 1273

Abdullah b. 'Amr reported the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying: The time of the noon prayer (lasts) as long as it is not afternoon, and the time of the afternoon prayer (lasts) as long as the sun does not turn pale and the time of the evening prayer (lasts) as long as the spreading appearance of the redness above the horizon after sunset does not sink down, and the, time of the night prayer (lasts) by midnight and the time of the morning prayer (lasts) as long as the sun dots not rise.

No. 1274

Abu Bakr b Abu Shaiban and Yahya b Abu Bukair both of them narrated this hadith with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 1275

'Abdullah b. 'Amr reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: The time of the noon prayer is when the sun passes the meridian and a man's shadow is the same (length) as his height, (and it lasts) as long as the time for the afternoon prayer has not come; the time for the afternoon prayer is as long as the sun has not become pale; the time of the evening prayer is as long as the twilight has not ended; the time of the night prayer is up to the middle of the average night and the time of the morning prayer is from the appearance of dawn, as long as the sun has not risen; but when the sun rises, refrain from prayer for it rises between the horns of the devil.

No. 1276

'Abdullah b. 'Amr b. al-'As reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was asked about the times of prayers. He said: The time for the morning prayer (lasts) as long as the first visible part of the rising sun does not appear and the time of the noon prayer is when the sun declines from the zenith and there is not a time for the afternoon prayer and the time for the afternoon prayer is so long as the sun does not become pale and its first visible part does not set, and the time for the evening prayer is that when the sun disappears and (it lasts) till the twilight is no more and the time for the night prayer is up to the midnight.

No. 1277

'Abdullah narrated it on the authority of his father Yahya: Knowledge cannot be acquired with sloth.

No. 1278

Sulaiman b. Buraida narrated it on the authority of his father that a person asked the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) about the time of prayer. Upon this he said: Pray with us these two, meaning two days. When the sun passed the meridian. he gave command to Bilal who uttered the call to prayer. then lie commanded him and pronounced Iqama for noon prayer (Then at the tine of the afternoon prayer) he again commanded and Iqama for the afternoon prayer was pronounced when the sun was high, white and clear. He then commanded and Iqama for the evening prayer was pronounced, when the sun had set. He then commanded him and the Iqama for the night prayer was pronounced When the twilight had disappeared. He then commanded him and the Iqama for the morning prayer was pronounced, when the dawn had appeared. When it was the next day, he commanded him to delay the noon prayer till the extreme heat had passed and he did so, and he allowed it to be delayed till the extreme heat had passed. He observed the afternoon prayer when the sun was high, delaying it beyond the time he had previously observed it. He observed the evening prayer before the twilight had vanished; he observed the night prayer when a third of the night had passed; and he observed the dawn prayer when there was clear daylight. He (the Prophet) then said: Where is the man who inquired about the time of prayer? He (the inquirer) said: Messenger of Allaah I here I am. He (the Prophet) said: The time for your prayer is within the limits of what you have seen.

No. 1279

Buraida narrated on the authority of his father that a man came to the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and asked about the times of prayer. He said: You observe with us the prayer. He commanded Bilal, and he uttered the call to prayer in the darkness of night preceding daybreak and he said the morning prayer till dawn had appeared. He then commanded him (Bilal) to call for the noon prayer when the sun had declined from the zenith. He then commanded him (Bilal) to call for the afternoon prayer when the sun was high. He then commanded him for the evening prayer when the sun had set. He then commanded him for the night prayer when the twilight had disappeared. Then on the next day he commanded him (to call for prayer) when there was light in the morning. He then commanded him (to call) for the noon prayer when the extreme heat was no more. He then commanded him for the afternoon prayer when the sun was bright and clear and yellowness did not blend with it. He then commanded him to observe the sunset prayer. He then commanded him for the night prayer when a third part of the night bad passed or a bit less than that. Harami (the narrator of this hadith) was in doubt about that part of the mentioned hadith which concerned the portion of the night. When it was dawn, he (the Prophet) said: Where is the inquirer (who inquired about the times of prayer and added): Between (these two extremes) is the time for prayer.

No. 1280

Abu Musa narrated on the authority of his father that a person came to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) for inquiring about the times of prayers. He (the Prophet) gave him no reply (because he wanted to explain to him the times by practically observing these prayers). He then said the morning player when it was daybreak, but the people could hardly recognise one another. He then commanded and the Iqama for the noon prayer was pronounced when the tan had passed the meridian and one would say that it was midday but he (the Prophet) knew batter than them. He then again commanded and the Iqama for the afternoon prayer was pronounced when the sun was high. He then commanded and Iqama for the evening prayer was pronounced when the sun had sunk. He then commanded and Iqama for the night prayer was pronounced when the twilight had disappeared. He then delayed the morning prayer on the next day (so much so) that after returning from it one would say that the sun had risen or it was about to rise. He then delayed the noon prayer till it was near the time of afternoon prayer (as it was observed yesterday). He then delayed the afternoon prayer till one after returning from it would say that the sun had become red. He then delayed the evening prayer till the twilight was about to disappear. He then delayed the night prayer till it was one-third of the night. He then called the inquirer in the morning and said: The time for prayers is between these two extremes).

No. 1281

Abu Musa reported on the authority of his father that an Inquirer came to the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and asked him about the times of prayers, and the rest of the hadith is the same (as narrated above) but for these words:" On the second day he (the Prophet) observed the evening prayer before the disappearance of the twilight."




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