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‏الصلاة (The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: WHO DESERVES MOST TO ACT AS IMAM  

No. 1417

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: When there are three persons, one of them should lead them. The one among them most worthy to act as Imam is one who is best versed in the Qur'an.

No. 1418

A hadith like this has been narrated by Qatida with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 1419

This hadith has been narrated by Abu Sa'id al-Khudri by another chain of transmitters.

No. 1420

Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: The one who is most versed in Allaah's Book should act as Imam for the people, but If they are equally versed in reciting it, then the one who has most knowledge regarding Sunnah if they are equal regarding the Sunnah, then the earliest one to emigrate; it they emigrated at the same time, then the earliest one to embrace Islam. No man must lead another in prayer where (the latter) has authority, or sit in his place of honour in his house, without his permission. Ashajj in his narration used the word," age" in place of" Islam".

No. 1421

A hadith like this has been narrated by A'mash by the same chain of transmitters

No. 1422

Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to us: The one who is well grounded in Allaah's Book and is distinguished among them in recitation should act as; Imam for the people. and if they are equally versed in reciting it, then the one who has most knowledge regarding Sunnah; if they are equal regarding the Sunnah, then the earliest one to emigrate; If they emigrated at the same time, then the oldest one in age. No man must lead another in prayer in latter's house or where (the latter) has authority, or sit in his place of honour in his house, except that he gives you permission or with his permission.

No. 1423

Malik b. Huwairith rejected: We came to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and we were all young men of nearly equal age. We stayed with him (the Prophet) for twenty nights, and as the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was extremely kind and tender of heart, he. therefore, thought that we were eager (to see) our family (we felt home-sickness). So he asked us about the members of the family that we had left behind and when we informed him, he said: Go back to your family, stay with them, and teach them (beliefs and practices of Islam) and exhort them to good, and when the time for prayer comes, one amongst you should-announce Adzan and then the oldest among you should lead the prayer.

No. 1424

This hadith has been transmitted by Ayyub with the same chain of narrator.

No. 1425

Malik b. Huwairith Abu Sulaiman reported: I came to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) along with other persons and we were young men of nearly equal age, and the rest of the hadith was transmitted like the hadith narrated before.

No. 1426

Malik b Huwairith reported: I came to the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) along with a companion of mine, and when we intended to return from him, he said: When there is time for prayer, announce prayer, pronounce Iqama, and the oldest amongst you should lead the prayer.

No. 1427

This hadith has been narrated with the same chain of transmitters, but al-Hadra' made this addition:" They both were equal in recitation."




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