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‏الصلاة (The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: THE PRAYER OF TRAVELLERS AND SHORTENING OF IT  

No. 1458

'A'isha, the wife of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), reported: The prayer was prescribed as two rak'abs, two rak'ahs both in journey and at the place of residence. The prayer while travelling remained as it was (originally prescribed), but an addition was made in the prayer (observed) at the place of residence.

No. 1459

'A'isha, the wife of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), said Allaah prescribed the prayer as two rak'ahs, then it was completed (to four rak'ahs) at the place of residence, but was retained in the same position in journey as it was first made obligatory.

No. 1460

'A'isha reported: The prayer was prescribed as consisting of two rak'abs, the prayer in travelling remained the same, but the prayer at the place of residence was completed. (Zuhri said he asked 'Urwa why 'A'isha said prayer in the complete form during journey, and he replied that she interpreted the matter herself as 'Uthman did.)

No. 1461

Yahya b. Umayya said: I told 'Umar b. al-Khattab that Allaah had said:" You may shorten the prayer only if you fear that those who are unbelievers may afflict you" (Qur'an, iv. 101), whereas the people are now safe. He replied: I wondered about it in the same way as you wonder about it, so I asked the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) about it and he said: It is an act of charity which Allaah has done to you, so accept His charity.

No. 1462

Ya'la b. Umayya reported: I said to 'Umar b. al-Khattab, and the rest of the hadlth is the same.

No. 1463

Ibn 'Abbas reported: Allaah has prescribed the prayer through the word of your Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as four rak'ahs when resident, two when travelling, and one when danger is present.

No. 1464

Ibn 'Abbas reported: Allaah has prescribed the prayer by the tongue of your Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as two rak'ahs for the traveller, four for the resident, and one in danger.

No. 1465

Musa b. Salama Hudhali said: I asked Ibn 'Abbas: How should I say prayer when I am in Mecca, and when I do not pray along with the Imam? He said: Two rak'ahs (of prayer) is the Sunnah of Abu'l-Qasim (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

No. 1466

A hadith like this has been narrated by Abu Qatada with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 1467

Hafs b. 'Asim said: I accompanied Ibn 'Umar on the road to Mecca and he led us in two rak'ahs at the noon prayer, then he went forward and we too went along with him to a place where he alighted, and he sat and we sat along with him, and he cast a glance to the side where he said prayer and he saw people standing and asked: What are they doing? I said: They are engaged in glorifying Allaah, offering Sunnah prayer. He said: If I had done so I would have perfected my prayer; O my nephew! I accompanied the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on a journey, and he made no addittion to two rak'ahs, till Allaah called him. I accompanied Abu Bakr and he made no addition to two rak'ahs till Allaah caused him to die. I accompanied 'Umar and he made no addition to two rak'ahs till Allaah caused him to die. I accompanied 'Uthman and he made no addition to two rak'ahs, till Allaah caused him to die, and Allaah has said:" There is a model pattern for you in the Messenger of Allaah" (al-Qur'an, xxxiii. 21).

No. 1468

Hafs b. 'Asim reported: I fell ill and lbn 'Umar came to inquire after my health, and I asked him about the glorification of Allaah (i. e. prayer) while travelling. Thereupon he said: I accompanied the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on a journey but I did not see him glorifying Him, and were I to glorify (Him). I would have completed the prayer. Allaah, the Exalted, has said:" Verily there is a model pattern for you in the Messenger of Allaah."

No. 1469

Anas reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said four rak'ahs in the noon prayer while at Medina, but he offered two rak'ahs in the afternoon prayer at Dhu'l-Hulaifa.

No. 1470

Anas b. Malik is reported to have said: I observed four rak'ahs in the noon prayer with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) at Medina, and said two rak'ahs in the afternoon prayer at Dhu'l-Hulaifa.

No. 1471

Yahya b. Yazid al-Huna'i reported: I asked Anas b. Malik about shortening of prayer. He said: When the Messenger of' Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had covered a distance of three miles or three farsakh (Shu'ba, one of the narrators, had some doubt about it) he observed two rak'ahs.

No. 1472

Jubair b. Nufair reported: I went along with Shurahbil b. al-Simt to a village which was situated at a distance of seventeen or eighteen miles, and he said only two rak'ahs of prayer. I said to him (about it) and he said: I saw 'Umar observing two rak'ahs at Dhu'l-Hulaifa and I (too) said to him (about it) and he said: I am doing the same as I saw the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) doing. (This hadith has been transmitted by Shu'ba with the same chain of narrators and it is narrated from Simt, and the name of Shurahbil has not been mentioned, and he said that he had gone to a place called Dumin, situated at a distance of eighteen miles from Hims.)

No. 1473

Anas b. Malik reported: We went out from Medina to Mecca with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he prayed two rak'ahs at each time of prayer till we returned to Medina. I said: For how long did he stay in Mecca? He said: (For) ten (days).

No. 1474

A hadith like this has been narrated by Anas by another chain of transmitters.

No. 1475

Yahya b. Abu Ishaq reported: I heard Anas b. Malik say: We went out for Pilgrimage from Medina. The rest is the same.

No. 1476

A hadith like this has been transmitted by Anas, but no mention has been made of Pilgrimage.

No. 1477

Salim b. 'Abdullah (b. 'Umar) reported on the authority of his father that Allaah's Messenger (way sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed the prayer of a traveller, i. e. two rak'ahs in Mina, and other places; so did Abu Bakr and 'Umar, and 'Uthman too observed two rak'abs at the beginning of his caliphate, but he then completed four.

No. 1478

A hadith like this has been reported by Zuhri, with the same chain of transmitters, and in it mention was made of Mina only, but not of other places.

No. 1479

Ibn 'Umar reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said two rak'ahs at Mina, and Abu Bakr after him, and 'Umar after Abu Bakr, and 'Uthman at the beginning of his caliphate; then 'Uthman observed four rak'ahs, and when Ibn 'Umar prayed with the Imam, he said four rak'ahs, but when he observed prayer alone, he said two rak'ahs.

No. 1480

A hadith like this has been narrated by the same chain of transmitters.

No. 1481

Ibn 'Umar reported: The Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said in Mina the prayer of a traveller (short prayer) ; Abu Bakr and 'Umar did the same and 'Uthmia did it for eight years or six years. Hafs (one of the narrators) said: Ibn 'Umar would also say two rak'ahs at Mina and then go to bed. I said to him: O uncle, I wish you could have said two rak'ahs (of Sunnah prayer after shorenting the Fard prayer). He said: Were I to do that, I would have completed the prayer.

No. 1482

This hadith has been narrated by Shu'ba with the same chain of transmitters but no mention has been made of Mina, but they (the narrators) only said: He prayed while travelling.

No. 1483

Ibrahim reported: I heard 'Abd al-Rahman as saying; 'Uthman led us four rak'ahs of prayer at Mina. It was reported to Abdullah b. Mas'ud and he recited:" Surely we are Allaah's and to Him shall we return," and then said: I prayed with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) at Mina two rak'ahs of prayer. I prayed along with Abu Bakr al-Siddiq two rak'ahs of prayer at Mina. I prayed along with 'Umar b. Khattab two rak'ahs of prayer at Mina. I wish I had my share of the two rak'ahs acceptable (to God) for the four rak'ahs.

No. 1484

A hadith like this has been reported by A'mash with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 1485

Haritha b. Wahb reported: I prayed with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) two rak'abs and most of them offered two rak'ahs only in Mina, while the people felt secure.

No. 1486

Wahb al-Khuza'i reported: I prayed behind the Messenger of Allaah (way sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) at Mina, and there was the greatest number of people, and they prayed two rak'ahs on the occasion of the Farwell Pilgrmage. (Muslim said: Haritha b. Wahb al-Khuza'i is the brother of 'Ubaidullah b. 'Umar son of Khattab from the side of mother.)




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