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‏الصلاة (The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: DO NOT GET INTO THE HABIT OF OBSERVING PRAYER AT THE TIME OF THE RISING SUN AND AT THE TIME OF ITS SETTING  

No. 1813

'A'isha reported that 'Umar misconstrued the fact that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had prohibited the observance of prayer at the time of the rising sun and at the time of its setting.

No. 1814

'A'isha said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not abandon observing two rak'ahs after 'Asr, but she reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Do not get used to observe prayer at the time of the rising sun and at the time of its setting and (exhorted the Muslims) to pray at their times.

No. 1815

Kuraib, the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas, reported that 'Abdullah b. 'Abbas, 'Abd al-Rahman b. Azhar, al-Miswar b. Makhrama sent him to 'A'isha, the wife of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), telling him to give her their greetings, and ask her about the two rak'ahs after the afternoon prayer, (for)" we have heard that you observe them whereas it has been conveyed to us that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) prohibited their observance." Ibn 'Abbas said: I along with 'Umar b. al-Khattab dissuaded people to do so (to observe two rak'ahs of prayer). Kuraib said: I went to her ('A'isha) and conveyed to her the message with which I was sent. She said: (Better) ask Umm Salama. So I went to them (those who had sent him to Hadrat 'A'isha) and informed them about what she had said. They sent me back to Umm Salama with that with which I was sent to 'A'isha. Umm Salama said: I beard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) prohibiting them, and then afterwards I saw him observing them. And when he observed them (two rak'ahs) he had already observed the 'Asr prayer. Then he (the Prophet) came, while there were with me ladies of Banu Haram, a tribe of the Ansar and he (the Prophet) observed them (the two rak'ahs). I sent a slave-girl to him asking her to stand by his side and say to him that Umm Salama says: Messenger of Allaah, I heard you prohibiting these two rak'ahs, whereas I saw you observing them; and if he (the Prophet) points with his hand (to wait), then do wait. The slave-girl did like that. He (the Prophet) pointed out with his hand and she got aside and waited, and when he had finished (the prayer) he said: Daughter of Abu Umayya. you have asked about the two rak'ahs after the 'Asr prayer. Some people of 'Abu al-Qais came to me for embracing Islam and hindered me from observing the two rak'ahs which come after the noon prayer. So those are the two I have been praying.

No. 1816

Abu Salama asked 'A'isha about the two prostrations (i. e. rak'ahs) which the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) made after the 'Asr. She said: He (the Prophet) observed them before the 'Asr prayer, but then he was hindered to do so, or he forgot them and then he observed them after the 'Asr, and then he continued observing them. (It was his habit) that when he (the Prophet) observed prayer, he then continued observing it. Isma'il said: It implies that he always did that.

No. 1817

'A'isha reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) did not abandon at all observing two rak'ahs after the 'Asr in my house.

No. 1818

'A'isha reported: Two are the prayers which the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) always observed in my house-openly or secretly-two rak'ahs before the dawn and two rak'ahs after the 'Asr.

No. 1819

Aswad and Masruq reported: We bear testimony to the fact that 'A'isha said: Never was there a day that he (the Prophet) was with me and he did not observe two rak'ahs of prayer in my house, i. e. two rak'ahs after the Asr.




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