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‏الصلاة (The Book of Prayer)
CHAPTER: PRAYER AT THE TIME OF SOLAR ECLIPSE  

No. 1966

'A'isha reported that there was a solar eclipse in the time of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). He stood up to pray and prolonged his stand very much. He then bowed and prolonged very much his bowing. He then raised his head and prolonged his stand much, but it was less than the (duration) of the first stand. He then bowed and prolonged bowing much, but it was less than the duration of his first bowing. He then prostrated and then stood up and prolonged the stand, but it was less than the first stand. He then bowed and prolonged his bowing, but it was less than the first bowing. He then lifted his head and then stood up and prolonged his stand, but it was less than the first stand. He then bowed and prolonged bowing and it was less than the first bowing. He then prostrated himself; then he turned about, and the sun had become bright, and he addressed the people. He praised Allaah and landed Him and said: The sun and the moon are two signs of Allaah; they are not eclipsed on account of anyones death or on account of anyone's birth. So when you see them, glorify and supplicate Allaah, observe prayer, give alms. O Ummah of Muhammad, none is more indignant than Allaah When His servant or maid commits fornication. O people of Muhammad, by Allaah, if you knew what I know, you would weep much and laugh little.

No. 1967

This hadith has been narrated by Hisham b. 'Urwa with the same chain of transmitters but with this addition:" Verily the sun and the moon are among the signs of Allaah." And similarly this addition was made:" He then lifted his hands and said: O Allaah! have I not conveyed it?"

No. 1968

'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), reported There was an eclipse of the sun during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). So, the Messenger of Allaah (may peace he upon him) went to the mosque and stood up and glorified Allaah, and the people formed themselves in rows behind him. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) made a long recital (of the Qur'an) and then pronounced takbir and then observed a long ruku'. He then raised his head and said: Allaah listened to him who praised Him: our Lord, praise is due to Thee. He then again stood up and made a long recital, which was less than the first recital. He pronounced takbir and observed a long ruku', and it was less than the first one. He again said: Allaah listened to him who praised Him; our Lord, praise is due to Thee. (Abu Tahir, one of the narrators) made no mention of:" He then prostrated himself." He did like this in the second rak'ah, till he completed four rak'ahs and four prostrations and the sun became bright before he deported. He then stood up and addressed people, after lauding Allaah as He deserved, and then said: The sun and the moon are two signs among the signs of Allaah These do not eclipse either on the death of anyone or on his birth. So when you see them, hasten to prayer. He also said this: Observe prayer till Allaah dispels the anxiety (of this extraordinary phenomenon) from you. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: I saw in my place everything which you have been promised. I even saw myself desiring to pluck a bunch (of grapes) from Paradise (and it was at the time) when you saw me moving forward. And I saw Hell and some of its parts crushing the others, when you saw me moving back; and I saw in it Ibn Luhayy and he was the person who made the she-camels loiter about. In the hadith transmitted by Abu Tahir the words are:" He hastened to prayer," and he made no mention of what follows.

No. 1969

'A'isha reported that there was a solar eclipse during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (way sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he sent the announcer (to summon them) for congregational prayer. The people gathered together and he pronounced takbir and he observed four rak'ahs, in the form of two rak'ahs (i. e. he observed two qiyams and two ruku's in one rak'ah) and four prostrations.

No. 1970

'A'isha reported that the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) recited loudly in the eclipse prayer, and he observed four rak'ahs in the form of two rak'ahs and four prostrations. Zuhri said: Kathir b. 'Abbas narrated on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed four rak'ahs and four prostrations in two rak'ahs.

No. 1971

Zuhri said: Kathir b. Abbas used to narrate that Ibn 'Abbas used to relate about the prayer of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) in regard to the eclipse of the sun like that what was narrated by 'Urwa on the authority of 'A'isha.

No. 1972

'Ata' reported: I heard 'Ubaid b. 'Umair say: It has been narrated to me by one whom I regard as truthful, (the narrator says: I can well guess that he meant 'A'isha) that the sun eclipsed during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and he stood up (in prayer) for a rigorously long time. He then bowed and then stood up and then bowed and then stood up and then bowed, thus observing three ruku's in two rak'ahs and four prostrations. He then departed and the sun brightened. He pronounced" Allaah is the Greatest" while bowing. He would then bow and say:" Allaah listened to him who praised Him" while lifting up his head. He then stood up, and praised Allaah and lauded Him, and then said: The sun and the moon do not eclipse on the death of anyone or on his birth. But both of them are among the signs of Allaah with which Allaah terrifies His servants. So when you see them under eclipse, remember Allaah till they are brightened. This hadith is narrated thus on the authority of 'A'isha through another chain of transmitters:" The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed six ruku's and four prostration in (two rak'ahs)."




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