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‏الزهد والرقائق‏ (The Book of Abstinence and Heart-Melting Narrations)
CHAPTER: THE STORY OF ABU AL-YASAR AND THE LENGTHY HADITH OF JABIR  

No. 7149

'Ubadab. Walid b. Samit reported: I and my father set out in search of knowledge to a tribe of the Ansar before their death (i. e. before the Companions of the Prophet left the world) and I was the first to meet Abu Yasar, a Companion of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and there was a young man with him who carried the record of letters with him and there was a mantle prepared by the tribe of Ma'afiri upon him. And his servant too had a Ma'afiri mantle over him. My father said to him: My uncle, I see the signs of anger or that of agony on your face. He said: Yes, such and such person, the son of so and so, of the tribe of Harami owed me a debt. I went to his family, extended salutations and said: Where is he? They said: He is not here. Then came out to me his son who was at the threshold of his youth. I said to him: Where is your father? He said: No sooner did he hear your sound than he hid himself behind my mother's bedstead. I said to him: Walk out to me, for I know where you are. He came out. I said to him: What prompted you to hide yourself from me? He said: By God, whatever I would say to you would not be a lie. By Allaah, I fear that I should tell a lie to you and in case of making promise with you I should break it, as you are the Companion of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). The fact is that I was hard up in regard to money. I said: Do you adjure by Allaah? He said: I adjure by Allaah. I said: Do you adjure by Allaah? He said: I adjure by Allaah. I said: Do you adjure by Allaah? He said: I adjure by Allaah. Then he brought his promissory note and he wrote off (the debt) with his hand and said: Make payment when you find yourself solvent enough to pay me back; if you are not, then there is no liability upon you. These two eyes of mine saw, and he (Abu'I-Yasar) placed his fingers upon his eyes and these two ears of mine heard and my heart retained, and he pointed towards his heart that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: He who gives time to one who is financially hard up (in the payment of debt) or writes off his debt, Allaah will provide him His shadow. I said to him: My uncle, if you get the cloak of your servant and you give him your two clothes, or take his two clothes of Ma'afir and give him your cloak, then there would be one dress for you and one for him.

He wiped my head and said: O Allaah, bless the son of my brother. O, son of my brother, these two very eyes of mine saw and these two ears of mine listened to and this heart of mine retained this, and he pointed towards the heart that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Feed them (the servants) and clothe them (the servants) what you wear, and if I give him the goods of the world, it is easy for me than this that he should take my virtues on the Day of Resurrection. We went on till we came to Jabir b. Abdullah in the mosque and he was busy in observing prayer in one cloth which he had joined at its opposite ends. I made my way through the people till I sat between him and the Qibla and I said: May Allaah have mercy upon you. Do you observe prayer with one cloth on your body whereas your mantle is lying at your side? He pointed me with his hand towards my breast just like this and he separated his fingers and bent them in the shape of a bow. And (he said): I thought that a fool like you should come to me so that he should see me as I do and he should then also do like it. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came to us in this very mosque and he had in his hand the twig of the palm-tree and he saw mucus towards the Qibla of the mosque and he erased it with the help of the twig. He then came to us and said: Who amongst you likes that Allaah should turn His face away from him? We were afraid. He then again said: Who amongst you likes that Allaah should turn His face away from him? We were afraid. He again said: Who amongst you likes that Allaah should turn His face away from him? We said: Allaah's Messenger, none of us likes it. And he said: If one amongst you stands for prayer, Allaah, the Exalted and Glorious, is before him he should not spit in front of him, or on his right side, but should spit on his left side beneath his left foot and if he is impelled to do so all of a sudden (in spite of himself) he should then spit in his cloth and fold it in some part of it. (and he further said: ) Bring some sweet-smelling thing. A young man who belonged to our tribe stood up, went and brought scent in his palm. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) took that and applied it to the end of that twig and then touched the place where there had been mucus. Jabir said: This is why you should apply scent to your mosques.

It is reported on the same authority: We set out along with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on an expedition of Batn Buwat. He (the Prophet) was in search of al-Majdi b. 'Amr al-Juhani. (We had so meagre equipment) that five. six or seven of us had one camel to ride and so we mounted it turn by turn. Once there wan. the turn of an Ansari to ride upon the camel. He made it kneel down to ride over it (and after having. mounted it), he tried to raise it up but it hesitated. So he said. May there be curse of Allaah upon you! Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Who is there to curse his camel? He said: Allaah's Messenger, it' is I. Thereupon he said: Get down from the camel and let us not have in our company the cursed one. Don't curse your own selves, nor your children. nor your belongings. There is the possibility that your curse may synchronies with the time when Allaah is about to confer upon you what you demand and thus your prayer may be readily responded.

It is reported on the same authority: We set out on an expedition along with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) until it was evening, and we had been near a. water reservoir of Arabia. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Who would be the person who would go ahead and set right the reservoir and drink water himself and serve us with it? Jabir said: I stood up and said: Allaah's Messenger, it is I who am ready to do that. Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Who is the person to accompany Jabir? And then Jabbar b. Sakhr stood up. So we went to that well and poured in that tank a bucket or two of water and plastered it with clay and then began to fill it (with water) until it was filled to the brim. Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was the first who appeared before us, and he said: Do you (both) permit me to drink water out of it? We said: Yea, Allaah's Messenger. He led his camel to drink water and it drank. He then pulled its rein and it stretched its legs and began to urinate. He then took it aside and made it kneel down at another place and then came to the tank and performed ablution. I then got up and performed ablution like the ablution of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), and Jabbar b. Sakhr went in order to relieve himself and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) got up to observe prayer and there was a mantle over me. I tried to invert its ends but it was too short (to cover my body easily). It had its borders. I then inverted it (the mantle) and drew its opposite ends and then tied them at my neck. I then came and stood upon the left side of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). He caught hold of me and made me go round behind him, until he made me stand on his right side. Then Jabbar b. Sakhr came. He performed ablution and then came and stood on the left side of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). Then Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) caught hold of our hands together, pushed us back and made us stand behind him. Then Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) began to look upon me with darting looks, but I did not perceive that. After that I became aware of it and he pointed with the gesture of his hand that I should wrap my loin-cloth. When Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had finished the prayer, he said: Jabir! I said: Allaah's Messenger, at thy beck and call. He said: When the cloth around you is inadequate, then tie the opposite ends but when it is small, tie it over the lower body.

Jabir reported: We set out on an expedition with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and the only means of sustenance for every person amongst us was only one date for a day and we used to chew it. And we struck the leaves with the help of our bow and ate them until the sides of our mouths were injured. It so happened one day that a person was overlooked and not given a date. We carried that person and bore witness to the fact that he had not been given that date so he was offered that and he got up and received that.

Jabir reported: We set out on an expedition along with Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) until we got down at a spacious valley and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) went to relieve himself. I followed him with a bucket full of water and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) looked about and he found no privacy but two trees at the end of the valley and Allaah's Messenger (may. sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) went to one of them and took hold of one of its twigs and said: Be thou under my control by the permission of Allaah, and so it came under his control like the camel who has its nosestring in the hand of its rider, and then he came to the second tree and took hold of a twig and said: Be thou under my control with the permission of Allaah, and it came under his control, and when he came in the middle of the two trees he joined together the two twigs and said: join with the permission of Allaah. Jabir said: I was afraid lest Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) should be aware of my nearness and go still farther. And Muhammad b. Abbad has used the word" faitab'd" and I began to talk to myself. And as I saw, I suddenly found Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) before me and the two trees were separated and each one of them was standing at its place. I saw Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) standing for a short time, nodding his head towards right and left. Isma'il pointed towards the right and left with the help of his head (in order to demonstrate how the Prophet had pointed). Then he (the Prophet) came to me and said: Jabir did you see my place where I was standing? I said: Allaah's Messenger, yes. He then said: Then you should go to those two trees and cut a twig from each of them and go to that place with them where I was standing and stand there where I was standing and place a twig on the right and a twig on the left. Jabir said: I set out and took hold of a stone and broke it and sharpened it and then I came to those trees and cut a twig from each one of them.

I then came dragging them until I stood at the place where Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) had been standing and placed a twig on the right and a twig on the left. Then I met him and said: Allaah's Messenger, I have done that, but (kindly) explain to me the reason for it. Thereupon he said: I passed by two graves the occupants of which had been undergoing torment. I liked to make intercession for them so that the might be relieved of this torment y as long as these twigs remain fresh. Jabir said: We came back to the (camp of the) army and Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Jabir, call people for per- forming wudu. I cried: Come and perform wudu, come and perform wudu, come and perform wudu. I said: Allaah's Messenger, there is not even a drop of water in the army camp, and there. was a person who used to cool the water for Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) in the old water-skin which kept hanging by the twig. He asked me to go to such and such Ansari and ask him to see if there was any water in that skin. I went to him and cast a glance in it but did not find anything but a drop in the mouth of that water-skin and if I were to draw that, the water-skin's,. dried part would suck it up. I came to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and said: Allaah's Messenger, I have not found anything in it but a drop of water in the mouth of the water-skin and now if I were to draw that, it would be absorbed. He said: Go and bring that to me. I brought that to him. He took hold of it -and began to utter something which I could not understand and then pressed it with his hand and gave that to me and said: Jabir, announce for the tub to be brought. So I announced that the tub of the army (be brought). It was brought accordingly and I placed it before him (the Prophet). Thereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) placed his hands in the tub like this: with his fingers stretched out, and then he placed his fingers at the bottom of the tub and said: Jabir, take it (that waters-skin) and pour water over me, by reciting Bismillah, and I poured water and I said: Bismillah, and found water sprouting out between the fingers of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). Then that tub gushed forth until it was filled up and the Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Jabir, make an announcement to the effect: He who needs water should take that. Jabir said: The people came and got water until they were all satiated. I said: Is there anyone left who wants to get it? And Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) then lifted up his hand from that tub and it was still full. Then the people made a complaint to Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) about hunger and he said: May Allaah provide you food! We came to the bank of the ocean and the ocean was tossing and it threw out a big animal and we lit fire and cooked it and took it until we had eaten to our heart's content. Jabir said: I and such and such five persons entered Its socket and nobody could see us until we had come out, and we took hold of one of its ribs and twisted it into a sort of arch, then we called the tallest of the persons of the army and the hugest of the camels of the army and it had the big saddle over it, and it could easily pass through it without the rider having need to bend down.




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