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‏النكاح (The Book of Marriage)
CHAPTER: KITAB AL-RADA'A-BOOK PERTAINING TO FOSTERAGE  

No. 3395

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported tha Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) was with her and she heard the voice of a person seeking permission to enter the house of Hafsa. 'A'isha (Allaah he pleased with her) said: Allaah's Messenger, he is the person who seeks permission to enter your house, whereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: I think he is so and so (uncle of Hafsa by reason of fosterage). 'A'isha said: Messenger of Allaah, if so and so (her uncle by reason of fosterage) were alive, could he enter my house? Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Yes. Fosterage makes unlawful what consanguinity makes unlawful.

No. 3396

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: Fosterage makes unlawful what consanguinity makes unlawful.

No. 3397

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported that Aflah, the brother of Abu'l-Qu'ais, who was her uncle by reason of fosterage, came, and asked her permission (to enter the house) after seclusicin was instituted. I refused to admit him. When Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came, I Informed him what I had done. He commanded me to grant him permission (as the brother of her foster-father was also her uncle).

No. 3398

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported: There came to me Aflah b. Abu Qulais, my uncle by reason of fosterage; the rest of the hadith is the same (but with this) addition:" I ('A'isha) said (to the Prophet): It was the woman who suckled me and not the man, whereupon he (Allaah's Messenger) said: May your hands or your right hand be besmeared with dust (you were mistaken)."

No. 3399

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported that there came Aflah the brother, of Abu'l-Qu'ais, who sought her permission (to enter) after seclusion was instituted, and AbuQu'ais was the father of 'A'isha by reason of fosterage. 'A'isha said: By Allaah, I would not permit Aflah unless I have solicited the opinion of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) for Abu Qulais has not suckled me, but his wife has given me suck. 'A'isha' (Allaah be pleased with her) said: When Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) entered, I said: Allaah's Messenger, Aflah is the brother of Abu'l-Qulais; he came to me to seek my permission for entering (the houst). I did not like the idea of granting him permission until I had solicited your opinion. Thereupon Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: Grant him permission. 'Urwa said it was on account of this that 'A'isha used to say. What is unlawful by reason of consanguinity is unlawful by reason of fosterage.

No. 3400

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters (that 'A'isha said): There came Aflah, the brother of Abu'l Qulais (Allaah be pleased with him), and sought permission from her, the rest of the hadith is the same (except for the words that the Prophet) said:" He is your uncle. Let your hand be besmeared with dust. Abu'l Qulais was the husband of the woman who had suckled 'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her).

No. 3401

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported: My foster uncle came to me and sought permission (to enter the house), but I refused him permission until I had solicited the opinion of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). When Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came, I said to him: My foster-uncle sought my permission to (enter the house), but I did not permit him, whereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: You better admit your uncle (into the house). I ('A'isha) said: It was the woman who suckled me and not the man. (But he) said: He is your uncle, admit him.

No. 3402

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hisham with the same chain of transmitters (and the words are):" The brother of Abu'l-Qu'ais sought permission from her ('A'isha) (to enter the house). The rest is the same.

No. 3403

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hisham with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of words.

No. 3404

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported: My foster-uncle Abu'l Ja'd (kunya of Aflah) sought permission from me, which I refused. (Hisham said to me that Abu'l-Ja'd was in fact Abu'l-Qu'ais). When Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came, I ('A'isha) informed him about it. He said: Why did you not permit him? Let your right hand or hand be besmeared with dust.

No. 3405

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported that her foster-uncle whose name was Aflah sought permission from her (to enter the house) but she observed seclusion from him, and informed Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) who said to her: Don't observe veil from him for he is Mahram (one with whom marriage cannot be contracted) on account of fosterage as one is Mahram on account of consanguinity.

No. 3406

'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) reported: Aflah b. Qu'ais sought permission from me (to enter the house), but I refused to grant him the permission, and he sent me (the message saying): I am your uncle (in the sense) that the wife of my brother has suckled you, (but still) I refused to grant him permission. There came the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and I made a mention of it to him, and he said: He can enter (your house), for he is your uncle.

No. 3407

'Ali (Allaah be pleased with him) reported having said this: Messenger of Allaah, why is it that you select (your wife) from among the Quraish, but you ignore us (the nearest of the kin)? Thereupon he said: Have you anything for me (a suitable match for me)? I said; Yes, the daughter of Hamza, whereupon Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: She is not lawful for me, for she is the daughter of my brother by reason of fosterage.

No. 3408

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of A'mash with the same chain of transmitters.

No. 3409

Ibn Abbas (Allaah be pleased with them) reported: It was proposed that he (the Prophet) be married to the daughter of Hamza, whereupon he said: She is not lawful for me for she is the daughter of my foster-brother, and that is unlawful by reason of fosterage what is unlawful by reason of genealogy.

No. 3410

A hadith like this is narrated on the authority of Hammam, Sa'id, Bishr b 'Umar, but with a small variation of words.

No. 3411

Umm Salama (Allaah be pleased with her), the wife of Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam), said: It was said to the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam): Is not the daughter of Hamza a suitable match for you? Or it was said: Why don't you propose to marry the daughter of Hamza, the son of Abd al-Muttalib? Thereupon he said: Hamza is my brother by reason of fosterage.




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