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‏البيوع (The Book of Business Transactions)

No. 3742

Rafi b. Khadij (Allaah be pleased with him) reported: We used to give on rent land during the lifetime of Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam). We rented it on the share of one-third or one-fourth of the (produce) along with a definite quantity of corn. One day a person from among my uncles came to us and said: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade us this act which was a source of benefit to us, but the obedience to Allaah and to His Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) is more beneficial to us. He forbade us that we should rent land with one-third or one-fourth of (the produce) and the corn of a measure, and he commanded the owner of land that he should cultivate it or let it be cultivated by other (persons) but he showed disapproval of renting it or anything besides it.

No. 3743

Rafi b. Khadij (Allaah be pleased with him) reported: We used to give land on rent, and we rented it on one-third or one-fourth share. The rest of the hadith is the same.

No. 3744

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Rafi' b. Khadij with the same chain of transmitters, but in it no mention is made of some of his uncles.

No. 3745

Rafi (Allaah be pleased with him) reported that Zuhair b. Rafi (who was his uncle) came to me and said: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) forbade a practice which was useful for us. I said: What is this? (I believe) that whatrver Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) says is absolutely true. He (Zuhair) said that he (the Prophet) asked me: What do you do with your cultivable lands? I said: Allaah's Messenger, we rent those irrigated by canals for dry dates or barley. He said: Don't do that. Cultivate them or let them be cultivated (by others) or retain them yourself.

No. 3746

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Rafi from the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) about this, but he did not make mention of his uncle Zuhair.

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