CHAPTER: WHEN FOOD IS BROUGHT BEFORE A MAN AND HE IS INCLINED TO TAKE IT, HE SHOULD NOT SAY PRAYER BEFORE EATING IT AND UNDESIRABILITY OF PRAYING WHILE FEELING THE CALL OF NATURE
Anas b. Malik reported the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) saying: When the supper is brought and the prayer begins, one, should first take food.
Anas b. Malik reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: When the supper is brought before you, and it is also the time to say prayer, first take food before saying evening prayer and do not hasten (to prayer, leaving aside the food).
This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas by another chain of transmitters.
Ibn 'Umar reported: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: When the supper is served to any one of you and the prayer also begins. (in such a case) first take supper, and do not make haste (for prayer) till you have (taken the food).
A hadith like this has been narrated from the Prophet of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on the authority of Ibn 'Umar with another chain of transmitters.
Ibn Atiq reported: Al-Qasim was in the presence of 'A'isha (Allaah be pleased with her) that I narrated a hadith and Qasim was a man who committed errors in (pronouncing words) and his mother was a freed slave-girl. 'A'isha said to him: What is the matter with you that you do not narrate as this son of my brother narrated (the ahaditb)? Well I know from where you picked it up. This is how his mother brought him up and how your mother brought you up. Qasim felt angry (on this remark of Hadrat 'A'isha) and showed bitterness towards her. When he saw that the table had been spread for 'A'isha, he stood up, 'A'isha, said: Where are you going? He said: (I am going) to say prayer. She said: Sit down (to take the food). He said: I must say prayer. She said: Sit down, ) faithless, for I have heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) say: No prayer can be (rightly said) when the food is there (before the worshipper), or when he is prompted by the call of nature.
'Abdullah b. 'Atiq narrated from the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) on the authority of 'A'isha, but he made no mention of the account of Qasim.