CHAPTER: PERMISSIBILITY OF 'UMRA DURING THE MONTHS OF HAJJ
Ibn Abbas (Allaah be pleased with them) reported that they (the Arabs of pre-Islamic days) looked upon Umra during the months of Hajj as the greatest of sins on the earth. So they intercalated the month of Muharram for Safar and said: When the backs of their camels would become all right and traces (if the pilgrims) would be effaced (from the paths) and the month of Safar would be over, then Umra would be permissible for one who wants to perform it. When Allaah's Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions came in the state of Ihram for performing Hajj on the fourth (of Dhu'l-Hijja) he (Allaah's Prophet) commanded them to change their state of Ihram (from Hajj) to that of 'Umra. It was something inconceivable for them. So they said: Messenger of Allaah, is it a complete freedom (of the obligation) of Ihram? Thereupon he said: It is a complete freedom (from Ihram).
Ibn 'Abbas (Allaah be pleased with them) 'is reported to have said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) put on Ihigm for Hajj. When four days of Dhu'l-Hijja were over, he led the dawn prayer, and when the prayer was complete, he said: He who wants to change it to Umra may do so.
Rauh and Yahya b. Kathir narrated as Nasr reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) entered into the state of Ihram for Hajj. And in the narration of Abu Shihab (the words are): We went out with the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) pronouncing Talbiya for Hajj, And in an the ahadith (narrated in this connection the words are): He led the morning prayer at al-Batha', except al- jahdami who did not make mention of it.
Ibn 'Abbas (Allaah be pleased with them) reported: Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) came along with his Companions when four days had passed out of ten days (of Dhu'l-Hijja) and they were pronouncing Talbiya for Hajj, and he (the Prophet) commanded them to change (this Ihram) into that of 'Umra.
Ibn Abbas (Allaah be pleased with them) reported that Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) observed the morning prayer at Dhu Tawa (a valley near Mecca) and arrived (in Mecca) when four days of Dhul-Hijja had passed and he commanded his Companions that they should change their Ihram (of Hajj) to that of Umra, except those who had brought sacrificial animals with them.
Ibn 'Abbas (Allaah be pleased with them) reported Allaah's Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) as saying: This is the 'Umra of which we have taken advantage. So he who has not the sacrificial animal with him should get out of the state of Ihram completely, for 'Umra has been incorporated in Hajj until the Day of Resurrection,
Abu Jam at al-Dubu'i reported: I performed Tamattu' but the people dis- couraged me to do so. I came to Ibn 'Abbas and asked him about it. He ordered me to do so. I came to the House (Ka'ba) and slept. I saw a visitant in the dream who said: 'Umra is acceptable and so is the Hajj performed for God's sake. I came to Ibn Abbas and informed him about that Which I saw in the dream whereupon he said: Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest This is the Sunnah of Abu'l-Qasim (the Prophet) (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).