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Deviated Sects SINGLE PAGE

The Ash`arees
  A Reply to a Jahmee : Keller Unveiled
Source: Prepared by Abu 'Iyad as-Salafi & Dawud Burbank
Article ID : AQD060009  [55749]  
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As Imaam al-Juwaynee (d. 438H) said: "And Allaah expanded my chest about the state of those Shaikhs who made ta'weel of al-Istiwaa to isteelaa ... and it is my belief that they do not understand the Attributes of the Lord - the Most High - except with what befits the creation. Thus they do not understand al-Istiwaa of Allaah as it truly befits Him ... so this is why they distort the words from its proper context and deny what Allaah has described Himself with. And we shall mention the explanation of that if Allaah wills." Risaalah Ithbaatul-Istiwaa wal-Fawqiyyah (p.176-183) For a longer quotation of his words refer to the end of Chapter 3 of 'Foundations of the Sunnah' of Imaam Ahmad - On the falsehood of Ta'weel. Imaam al-Juwaynee was a former Ash'aree who retracted from the Ash'aree madhhab and followed the path of the Salaf.

16 This is said by Ash'aree in al-Maqaalaat (p.290) and al-Ibaanah (p.9) and al-Moojiz.

17 The aforementioned Jahmee, in his vilification of the Ulamaa of the Salaf, said:

"On page 97 of the same work, Ibn ul-Qayyim also mentions the hadeeth of Bukhaaree warning of the Anti-Christ - al-Maseeh ad-Dajjaal - who in the last days will come forth and claim to be God, of which the Prophet, Allaah bless him and give him peace, said: "Allaah has sent no Prophet except that he warned his people of the one-eyed liar and that he is one-eyed and that your Lord is not one-eyed and that he shall have unbeliever - kaafir - written between his two eyes". Ibn al-Qayyim comments, "The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) negated the attribute of one-eyedness (meaning of Allaah) which is proof that Allaah literally has two eyes". Now a primer in logical fallacies could have told Ibn al-Qayyim that the negation of a quality - one-eyedness - does not entail the affirmation of its contrary - two-eyedness. And example of what is called by the logicians, the "black and white fallacy". For example, to say "if it is not white it is therefore black, if you are not my friend you must be my enemy..." and so on. So what he attempts to prove here does not show the kind of anthropomorphism he is trying to promote." End of the Jahmee's words -Alhamdulillaah.

It is said in response to the Jahmee:

Firstly: "Ayyuhal Jahool, bil-ilmi mawsoof wa bil-jahli mushtahir - (O Ignoramus, with knowledge described but with ignorance notorious)

Secondly: Or alternatively: "...bil aqli mawsoof wa bil-jahli mushtahir." (...with intelligence described but with ignorance notorious).

Thirdly: "In the language of the Arabs it is possible to annex a noun in its singular, dual and plural form and this is determined by the nature of the noun to which it is being annexed. If that to which a singular noun is being annexed is also singular, then they leave the annexed noun in its singular form. And if they annex a noun to a plural personal pronoun then it is better to put the annexed noun in the plural form as well such as in the saying of the Most Perfect:

Floating under our Eyes (a'yuninaa) [54:14]

and in His saying:

Do they not see that We have created for them of what Our Hands (aideenaa) have created...[36:71]

And if they annex a noun to a dual noun [or a dual personal pronoun] then it is more clear and eloquent in their language to put the annexed noun into the plural form as well such as in the saying of Allaah - the Most Perfect:

If you two (i.e. Aa'ishah and Hafsah - may Allaah be pleased with them both) turn in repentance to Allaah, (it will be better for you), your hearts (quloobukumaa) are indeed so inclined... [66:4]

So in this verse two people are being addressed and they are but two hearts, but Allaah - the Most Perfect - has used the word quloob, which is in the plural form. Therefore, let not the listener be confused by the saying: "We see you with our eyes (naraaka bi a'yuninaa) and we shall take you with our hands (na'khudhuka bi aideenaa)" - and no single man on the face of the earth understands from this many eyes or many hands in any aspect whatsoever - and Allaah knows best." Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan - may Allaah protect him - in his Sharh ul-Aqeedatil Waasitiyyah (p.52) and the like of this is also mentioned by Ibn al-Qayyim. Refer also to 'Al-Kawaashif al-Jaliyyah an Ma'aani al-Waasitiyyah' (pp.253-254) of Abdul-Azeez al-Muhammad as-Salmaan.

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